Antique mid Victorian 14k gold 8.5 carat citrine seed pearl buckle motif brooch pin. This measures 1-15/16" x 1-1/8" and weighs 6.7 grams. The mounting is gorgeous with very fine milgrained bead work and raised Etruscan Revival applied scroll work. The oval faceted genuine citrine (golden quartz) has gorgeous slightly orangey yellow color with rich saturation of color and has fantastic clarity. The citrine measures 17.5mm x 14mm x 6.5mm (8.50 carats). The 16 seed pearls are painstakingly bead set and measure 1mm and 2mm. With the original softly frosted "Bloomed Gold" patina. Typical of the majority of authentic antique Victorian jewels (particularly hand crafted pieces such as this), the piece is not gold hallmarked, but it has been carefully tested by two separate independent jewelers for karat fineness. Has been cleaned very lightly and retains most of its richly age darkened patina. The tube clasp and pin stem assembly are completely original. The c clasp has been replaced with a roll over style safety clasp. In exceptional condition, circa 1880. Thread a chain through the pin stem to wear it as a pendant. An exceptional piece, and the perfect November birthstone!
"BLOOMED GOLD"- The frosted finish or satin finish of bloomed gold is the result of bathing the gold in acid. This finishing technique is typically seen on turn of the century Victorian and Edwardian jewelry, although it dates back to its original use in the mid 1800s. The recipe involved boiling the gold in a mixture of salt, water, hydrochloric (muriatic) acid, and salt petre (potassium nitrate). The process created extremely tiny scarring in the surface of the gold which left a matte finish resembling peach skin- and referred to as "bloomed-gold". The finish was also used on only portions of a piece of jewelry, creating a dramatic contrast to a highly polished background or foreground.