This 14 karat gold Victorian brooch is a trickster: while it appears that a removable pin is used to attach it to your clothing, that's an illusion. and there is actually a proper pin back and hooded "C" clasp on the back. The front is a scrolling ribbon form with heavily textured gold overlain with a scalloped design. At the center, surrounded by a star, is a chunky old-cut diamond.
The brooch is constructed of unmarked, but acid tested, 14 karat gold with a higher-karat bloomed gold finish. Blooming was a technique frequently used during the Victorian era in which a piece of gold jewelry was placed in an acid bath that burned off the other metals with which the gold was alloyed leaving a thin surface coating of nearly pure gold. The tiny holes left by the burned-off alloys give bloomed gold is characteristic satin finish.
It should be noted that there is quite a lot of room between the pin back and the back side of the brooch. That means that this brooch needs to be worn on a very heavy fabric or it will flop forward.
SIZE: 2-1/4" long x 1/2" high x 1/2" deep
WEIGHT: 5.7 grams
AGE: late 19th century
CONDITION: very good antique condition. Some of the bloomed finish has worn off high points of the brooch, particularly on the decorative pin. The brooch has developed a lovely dark patina with age which is a warmer tone of gold than it appears on my computer screen.
Victorian 14 Karat Gold Brooch with Diamond