A handsome mid century Spanish style hair comb with rhinestones
CONDITION: good vintage condition with expected wear
SIZE: 4 ins h x 4½ ins w (10 x 11 cm) decorative part 2 ins h (5 cm)
APPROXIMATE DATE: mid century
MATERIALS: acrylic, rhinestones
Here we have a very pretty smaller sized Spanish mantilla comb in celluloid faux tortoiseshell, which probably dates from the 1960s to 1970s. It has a wide curved heading whose panel is filled in with classical leaf and scroll designs. The comb is encrusted with clear rhinestones in between which are set small metal studs to enhance their glitter. This is a decorative technique which we first see in the mid century.
It was probably produced as a tourist souvenir for the Spanish travel industry which began to expand in the late 1950s – early 1960s. The growth of this industry promoted a renewed interest in Spanish costume, music and dance and hair combs were popular souvenirs. They are also purchased by Spanish dance groups worldwide.
This comb is of the type known as Spanish or “mantilla” comb because it resembles the traditional ornaments worn by Spanish ladies with their native dress. In this tradition a beautiful lace scarf, white for unmarried women and black for married, was draped over a high comb which was made of beautifully carved tortoiseshell.
The use of the very tall Spanish comb has a very long history of use throughout the 19th century. The production of the opera “Carmen” led to a fashion for high Spanish combs in the 1870s, and they again became the rage during the early 20th century Art Deco period. In some of these combs the heading might be as much as eight or ten inches in height.
Although the use of the high Spanish comb began to decline in the early 20th century the growth of the tourist trade has done wonders for Spanish costume, music and dance. The large fiestas such as the one in Seville draw thousands of visitors who com to see the processions of women and men dressed in Spanish costume, and to enjoy the music and entertainment.
The final picture with the collage shows some illustrations of similar hair accessories taken from contemporary mid century sources and the manner in which they were worn
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Spanish mantilla style hair comb rhinestone hair accessory