This celery vase is 8-5/8 tall x 3-3/16 across is clear non-flint pressed glass of 1884. The rim is scalloped and flares out. The bowl is about 4 inches deep. It is about 3 inches across the bottom of the bowl at its narrowest point. The pattern name is Cornucopia but is also known as Three Fruits, Strawberry and Currant, or Multiple Fruits. It is a product of Dalzell Brothers and Dalzell, Gilmore & Leighton. A limited number of items was made in this pattern.
While some pieces in the pattern have been reproduced, the celery vase has not. The original pattern was produced in clear. The first reproduction was a goblet in 1940. It lacked detail and is not difficult to identify. In 1970 L.G. Wright (distributor) had New Martinsville Glass produce various pieces of the pattern in colors which were never made originally. The creamer, compote, goblet, and wine were among the pieces New Martinsville Glass made for Wright.
Most of the Cornucopia pieces feature cherries, currants, peaches and other fruits. The celery features a roses with leaves and buds design on one side and a large stalk of celery on the other. One thing common to most pieces, and present in this one is the loops around the base of the bowl. The stem appears to be fused to the bottom of the bowl with a thin wafer of glass. There is a round knob at the top of the stem and just above the bottom of the stem there is a wafer above the foot of the vase. The stem is about 3 inches long. The pattern is intaglio (raised above the surface of the glass).
The glass is very clear and is thick and heavy. The mold lines are pronounced with some extra glass left behind during the manufacturing process. There are a couple of lines on the piece which are also manufacturing flaws (not damage). There is an annealing mark (the result of the glass cooling process) on the stem and another on the celery side of the vase. The close up photos enhance the appearance and the marks are not as noticeable as the photos wold suggest. The celery vase has no chips or cracks. It has been black light tested and glows green under the UV. There is age appropriate wear on the bottom of the vase. This has been used quite a bit and there are signs of use evident in the bottom of the piece. The use marks are age appropriate and are to be expected.
Dalzell Brothers & Gilmore began operations in Brilliant OH in the fall of 1883. Dalzell produced tableware and lamps. It moved from Brilliant to Wellsburgh W.VA but in 1888 was lured to Findlay OH with the promise of plentiful gas needed for glass manufacturing. Unfortunately, problems with gas supplies started around 1891. By January 1893, after access to a plentiful supply of natural gas, the city shut the gas off. In June 1893, Dalzell switched to coal as fuel. Dalzell had some of the most knowledgeable glass men and chemists (metal makers) working in the industry.
In 1899 National Glass Co. (a glass combine similar to U.S. Glass Co.) purchased Dalzell for its lamp machinery and forced fit lamp collars. It became Factory 6 at National Glass.
National began transferring novelties and pitchers to I.T. & G. Glassworks in Greentown, IN. In 1901 the Dalzell factory was abandoned and equipment and molds were sent to other locations including Cambridge, Riverside Glass, Lancaster Glassworks, as well as Ohio Fling Glass Works. Disposition of many molds is unknown.
This is a very nicely made piece of glass. Although the mold lines are raised and there is slight roughness, the rim and the bottom of the piece is nicely finished This is a tall celery vase with a fairly deep bowl. It is in good condition with age appropriate wear. Apparently the former owner used the vase as a spoon holder and this would explain the use marks in the bottom of the vase.
SOURCES: EAPG Identification, DoRiMiles, Revi, American Pressed Glass and Figure Bottles, p. 133-134; Measell & Smith, Findlay Glass...Manufacturers 1886-1902, p. 75-118; Sandford & Payne, The Artistic Glassware of Dalzell, Gilmore & Leighton, p. 7, 9-12; Jenks& Luna, EAPG 1850-1910, p. 500-501; Metz 1, p. 82-3; Reilly & Jenks, EAPG, p. 442 Jenks, Luna, Reilly, Identifying Pattern Glass Reproductions p. 280-281.