English ironstone plate, marked “Granite China, WR,S, & Co.” in a scrolled cartouche. A number, 2460, has been added in hand-applied red paint. On other pieces in the same transfer pattern, the name “Japan Pattern” has been known to appear, but this plate does not bear the pattern name.
WR, S, & CO are the initials of William Ridgway, Son, and Company, which operated in Hanley, Staffordshire, England between about 1838 and 1848.
The so-called “Japan Pattern” (2460) design incorporates several symbols and thematic elements that originated in Asian arts and crafts, particularly in those of China. Among the many auspicious symbols are a citron (a type of fruit said to resemble the Buddha’s hand), a gourd flask and a flute (items associated with members of the Eight Immortals); a vase, ribbons, peonies and other flowers.
The pattern appears to have been applied as a black (or other very dark color) transfer. This was further enhanced with underglaze cobalt blue as well as with gilding and enamel colors (iron red, rose, green and ochre yellow), the latter over the glaze. The plate itself is molded with a raised scrolled pattern along a wavy edge.
The blue color is moderately flown (or “flowed”).
The plate measures approximately 9.75” across and weighs about one pound, two ounces before packaging.
Condition: excellent, for a piece of this age. There is some minor wear to the over glaze decoration, which is to be expected in a piece of this type from the first half of the 19th century. There do not appear to be any chips, cracks, hairlines or repairs to the ceramic. There are some stilt marks, small bubbles and crazing in the glaze, all of which are commonly found in pieces of this type.
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