Measuring 7 1/2" by 1 1/2" these are die cut stamped with "Twin Cut Made in British Make: and Non-Flammable. Why would they want us to know they were Non -Flammable? Because up to this time a lot of combs were made from celluloid which is highly flammable and this galalith made comb was a big improvement. The manufacturers were "Keronyx" and I received a dozen of these in a box with the label which I have photographed. Keronyx was the one of the brand names that galalith or milk stone was given in Britain. The cow symbol giving you the idea that it comes from milk. You can see where they stamped the words "Twin cut, British made" and they would have done this with a metal stamp as galalith cannot be molded. These combs have never been used as they are new/old stock. Don't leave these combs near water as it will absorb the water and warp or break and that is it's one flaw. This comb interested me as I have very thick hair and a lot of the modern combs just won't go through my hair but this one has a lot of heft and gets the job done!
*Galalith (milk stone) or Casein (sometimes called French Bakelite) is a registered trade mark, patented in the 1890's in Bavaria. Mostly produce in Europe during the first part of the 20th century, this semi-synthetic plastic (Casein is the generic name), is made from skimmed milk curdled with rennet. Cured by long immersion in formaldehyde, it became a useful thermosetting material, which can be carved or embossed in beautiful patterns. It's color doesn't change over time. The colors you can find are mostly plain opaque colors, sometimes with marbling or translucency. Galalith pieces are machined, sanded or hand-finished and therefore there should be no marks left on them (in opposition to cheap mass produced plastics), so all pieces are seamless and this material belonging to the plastic family such as Bakelite, or Celluloid or Lucite is considered to be a top quality chunky plastic. Galalith is impossible to test like genuine American Bakelite because the chemical composition is : milk protein hardened with formaldehyde. Tests for Bakelite are testing the phenol component of the material which is nonexistent in Galalith (replace by milk protein). It can be tested by detecting a sour milk or wet wool scent with a little bit of moisture applied, with care, to the item.
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