19th Century Stoneware Alkaline Glazed Bowl (rare), these were typically made for serving food, and rarely survived into the 21st century. This bowl is an exquisite hand made, alkaline glazed stoneware pottery piece that stands 3.25" tall and 7" wide. There are no chips or cracks, there is wear around the edge of the bowl and scratching inside the bowl, both normal from age and use.
This piece is a typical derivative of the Edgefield Pottery which was made in the old Edgefield district of South Carolina from the 1820s and was made into the early twentieth century. Much of the Edgefield pottery was made before the Civil War in plantation run potteries. Edgefield pottery was alkaline glazed, unlike pottery from outside the South. Abner Landrum began the first Edgefield pottery and experimented with using alkaline glazes, similar to those that the Chinese had used a 1000 years earlier. He did this because lead glazes were poisonous and salt glazing was too expensive. Because of his success, other potteries in the Edgefield District sprang up. As potters moved they took their expertise in alkaline glazing with them throughout South and North Carolina, Georgia and Alabama, creating crocks such as this one.