"Chief Outina Marches To War" Plate XIV is an original 16th century engraving with, what we believe to be German text, by Theodor de Bry (Flemish, 1528-1598). The art paper measures 13 3/8" x 8" and is in very good condition for the age, no tears or holes. There is some bleeding of ink through from the reverse side text and very slight foxing. The engraving is based on drawings of Jacques LeMoyne who made on his trip to Florida in 1564. While there, he documented the lives of the Timucua Indians, who had already been visited by Jean Ribault two years earlier. Note: This is the actual art from this time period, 1591.
BIO: Theodor de Bry (1528–1598) was a Flemish designer, engraver, printmaker, and publisher. He was born in the city of Liège, but around 1570 he fled to Strasbourg to escape religious persection at the hands of Spanish Catholics. Around 1586 he moved again, to England, where he was exposed to stories and artistic depictions of European explorations of the New World. In 1589, he moved to Frankfurt, Germany, to join his family. Assisted by his sons, he began to publish numerous volumes of literature about New World exploration, illustrated with his own engravings. The first of these, published in 1590, was a new edition of Thomas Hariot's A Briefe and True Report of the New Found Land of Virginia. De Bry based the book's illustrations on the watercolor paintings of colonist John White. These engravings provided Europeans with some of their earliest notions of what the New World looked like. De Bry continued publishing until his death in 1598. REF: UNC-Chapel Hill, NC
FYI: Jacques LeMoyne was a French artist who came to Florida with Rene de Laudonniere, a French explorer, in 1564. LeMoyne was the first artist to visit the new world. He traveled through North Florida, charting the coastline and the lives of the Timucua Indians. When Laudonniere's group arrived, they found that the Indians were worshiping a stone column emblazoned with the French coat of arms. It was located at the mouth of the St. Johns River. Jean Ribault, a French explorer who had been there two years earlier, had set it up as proof of French possession. Laudonniere and his party sailed about five miles up the St. Johns River. They established a settlement. Then they built Fort Caroline out of wood and sod. When the Spanish attacked and burned Fort Caroline, LeMoyne and Laudonniere were two of the French who escaped. Almost all of LeMoyne's drawings were burned up. The survivors quickly sailed back to France, where LeMoyne redrew the pictures from memory. Jacques LeMoyne died in London in 1588. An engraver named Theodore DeBry made engravings of the drawings that LeMoyne had made of Florida. In 1591, DeBry published a book with the engravings and LeMoyne's description of his trip to Florida. For the first time, Europeans could see what life was like in America without sailing across the Atlantic Ocean. We can still learn today about early Florida and how the Timucua lived from DeBry's engravings of LeMoyne's drawings and the accompanying descriptions. Ref: College of Education, University of South Florida
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