This absolutely fabulous Essex crystal pin has a beautifully depicted dog with wonderful shading and flow to the artistry giving an illusion of fur. Note that great face with subtle and realistic dimension. You can just see the rounded end of his nose, feel the curve of his forehead and cheek as well as being able to tug on that long wavy ear. A beautiful dog done by a talented artist. It was then secured in a 14kt. gold pin in collar mounting with a twisted rope like patterned outer rim. The crystal dome is very high and stands an approx. 1/4" above the collar rim. The depth of the crystal caused numerous reflections so I took a lot of photos of the dog. For those of you not familiar with Essex crystals there is a little explanation at the end of the listing.
The crystal is in excellent condition with no cracks, nicks, chips, deep scratches or abrasions. Inspecting with a 10 power loupe I found a few small lines at the clear area in front of the nose and tongue. But I can't feel them with my nails so I believe they are imperfections natural to the quartz. The painting is wonderfully all intact and the mother of pearl has no chips or cracks. The gold pin is also in excellent condition with no rips, cracks, dents, holes, deep scratches, abrasions or repairs. The pin hinge, pin stick and locking clasp are all original and in smooth working order. The pin stick has just a bit of a curve and a good point. Just a note - DO NOT put essex crystals in ultrasonics or immerse in any liquids - hand clean them ONLY!
The back of the pin has a 14kt. and a makers mark as seen in the photo. The essex cyrstal also has a signature below the ear, but it is partially covered by the collar mounting. The pin measures 1 1/4" long by 15/16" tall and is approximately 3/8" deep thru the center of the crystal. The condition, artistry and price makes this a must have pin.
An Essex crystal is a rock crystal (clear quartz) cabochon with an intaglio (recessed) carving done on the flat backside. The intaglio is then painted so when the crystal is viewed from the front the image has a realistic dimensional effect. The backside is sealed with a plain sheet of mother-of-pearl (or another material) to preserved the painting as well as providing a wonderful background. This super art form originated in Belgium around 1860 and was made famous in England. It used for jewelry, including buttons, as well as decoration on every day items. The subjects most common for men were horses, dogs, foxes and birds and for the ladies florals. Essex crystals retained their popularity until poorly made glass and plastic imitations were extensively made in the 20's.
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