First, let introduce this item by referring you to a great NPR article "Revisiting Aunt Jemima--Slave in a Box". Second, this brooch was made in Argentina. We yanks weren't the only culturally backward people to commercialize racism in the 19th and 220th centuries. I think this was made around 1930. It is glazed ceramic and has some losses to the painted surface. She measures about one and half by one inches.