Antique Victorian Chromolithograph of Pizarro Ascending the Andes of Peru
Dating to the late 1800s may I offer this splendid unframed chromolithograph that I took from The Discovery and Conquest of the New World by Washington Irving. The book contained only 11 color illustrations and this is one of them. On offer now is The Perilous Ascent of the Crodilleras de Los Andes by Pizarro - on his way to meet the Inca Atahnalpa at Caxamalca.
Francisco Pizarro González (/pɪˈzɑːroʊ/; Spanish: [fɾanˈθisko piˈθaro]; c. 1471 – 26 June 1541) was one of the most famous Spanish conquistadors. Reports of Peru's riches and Cortés's success in Mexico tantalized Pizarro. He undertook two expeditions to conquer the Incan Empire in 1524 and in 1526. Both failed as a result of native hostilities, bad weather and lack of provisions. The Governor of Panama, made an effort to recall Pizarro, but the conquistador resisted and remained in the south. In April 1528, he reached northern Peru and found the natives rich with precious metals. This discovery gave Pizarro the motivation to plan a third expedition to conquer the area. He returned to Panama to make arrangements, but the Governor refused to grant permission for the project. Pizarro returned to Spain to appeal directly to King Charles I. His plea was successful and he received not only a license for the proposed expedition, but also authority over any lands conquered during the venture. He was joined by family and friends and the expedition left Panama in 1530.
When hostile natives along the coast threatened the expedition, Pizarro moved inland and founded the first Spanish settlement in Peru, San Miguel de Piura. Atahualpa refused to tolerate a Spanish presence in his lands, but was captured by Pizarro during the Battle of Cajamarca on 16 November 1532. A ransom for the emperor's release was demanded and Atahualpa filled a room with gold, but Pizarro charged him with various crimes and executed him on 26 July 1533, overriding his associates who thought he was overstepping his authority. The same year, Pizarro entered the Inca capital of Cuzco and completed his conquest of Peru. In January 1535, Pizarro founded the city of Lima, a project he considered his greatest achievement. Quarrels between Pizarro and his longtime comrade-in-arms Diego Almagro culminated in the Battle of Las Salinas. Almagro was captured and executed and, on 26 June 1541, his embittered son, Diego de Almagro "el mozo", assassinated Pizarro in Lima. The conquistador of Peru was laid to rest in the Lima Cathedral.
Printers Marks: Copyrighted 1892 F.E. Wright
Condition: Excellent high color - the page is still covered with its original onionskin covering. No foxing, stains, etc. Just the light look of "age" to the cream of the pages.
Size: The page measures 7-1/2" x 10"; image size is 6" x 8-1/2" approx.
Final Comments: Stunning! In checking the Internet I could find no one who offered an original chromolithograph - only copies. So I believe this is another rare chromo.
Even if not marked as such, offers are always welcome on any item in my shop. Buy with Confidence, Robins Nest Midwest has the highest rating attainable on Ruby Lane.
Pizarro Antique Chromolithograph