This is a Bohemian pale green or pale yellow crystal art glass figural bridal or wedding cup that swings. The maker is Fritz Heckert. The date is circa 1880 to 1890. If you read the description, you will discover that the standing woman will make an exceptional wedding gift for the couple who already has everything – except for one of these standing ladies.
The figure is 10 ½” high and 3 5/8” wide at the base.
I think the color is pale green, but in some light it appears to be a pale yellow or pale amber.
You can view another one of these swinging wedding cups by Fritz Heckert online at the Corning Museum of glass. However, the curator of the museum calls the piece a wager cup. It is not a wager cup; it is a bridal wedding cup.
I believe the glass is crystal because when I tap the skirt of the lady, the glass rings like crystal, plus there is the clarity.
The upper half of the standing woman is cast metal, covered in gold gilt. There is patina on the face and arms of the figure, which shows as black; I did not clean the metal as many collectors dislike it intensely when antique dealers clean the metal and I’ve learned not to clean metal. The lady has her arms upraised with two wands ending in animal heads, sort of like dragon heads, and the glass cup is attached to these wands and thus swings. The bottom of the figure is glass, sort of like an upside down bell. Both the bell and the skirt are paneled on the inside. The rim of the cup and the bottom edge of the skirt are beveled on the interior edge. The glass has white enameling and gold trim.
This design was invented by a German goldsmith for a nobleman’s family, perhaps earlier than the 1500s. The first design was entirely of gold. The hollow skirt is used as one cup. The swinging cup is used during the marriage ceremony; first one person takes a sip, then the cup swings back so that the other person can take a sip, thus a swinging bridal wedding cup.
The figural lady swinging wedding cup became part of a traditional German wedding. The design developed where the cup and skirt were made of glass. Fritz Heckert was a Bohemian glassmaker, located in Silesia, and he specialized in crystal along with reproducing some of the most special decorative glass objects from the 17th and 18th centuries. The standing ladies were made by Heckert during the 1880s. Today, it is rare for a piece to come on the market and most of the surviving pieces are in museum collections or private collections.
There are no chips, nicks or cracks. There is the tarnish patina on the metal bust of the woman that I did not clean.