This is an opaline art glass vase. The maker is Baccarat. I show a photo with the book citations about this vase. The date is circa 1845 – 1865.
The book is “Les Opalines” by Christine Vincendeau, page 37. The discussion of this vase is contained in the chapter on Colors. This gorgeous color of green is called Chrysoprase Green, invented in 1842 by Francois-Eugene de Fontenay.
I give a photo copy text of the discussion of the color along with the description of the vase. A brief summary translation of the description is that this vase was made by Baccarat between 1845 and 1865.
Do be careful. The pineapple form of vase has been copied at later dates, but not quite as well as this original. Where you need to look and compare to the photo in the book are the bumps or hobnails and the leaves going up the neck, along with the overall shape, flare of the mouth and the foot. Note that this vase matches the vase in the book exactly, everything, color and form. The only difference is this vase has gilding remaining on the leaves of the neck. Types of this vase made by other glassmakers in the latter part of the 19th century and the early 20th century were not able to emulate the exact form, or the same color. The rarity of this piece is high because it is an original and of this exquisite green color.
I’ve sold enough Baccarat from this time period over the years that I can tell you one thing for certain, and that is if the glass is free-form where you can see the bottom, in other words not sitting in metal, the pontil will always be round, deep and polished perfectly; I am referring to Baccarat of circa 1850. I even sold a perfume bottle from this time period with the same beautifully polished pontil. That is the description of the pontil on this vase. If you are looking at a piece of glass and someone tells you it is Baccarat circa 1850 and you don't see this highly polished pontil, please be careful. The exception is if the glass is mounted in a metal stand, sterling, bronze or brass for example, and you can't see a pontil.
The rim is slightly rounded.
The vase is 7 7/8” high and 3 7/8” wide at the mouth.
There are no chips, nicks or cracks. However, there is gold loss due to age around the rim, neck and bumps on the body of the vase. The gold around the foot is mostly intact. As a buyer, you want to see gold loss on a piece of quality glass this old. If the gold is pristine, be suspicious and wary.
The bottom shows a lot of scratches and wear, along with a pronounced ring around the edge that buyers look for to help determine age.
Did I say how gorgeous this color is? It is amazing. Opaline is my favorite type of glass, just because of the colors, and the French produced the highest quality of opaline in the best of colors.