This is a French Old Paris pedestal jardinière, vase or compote. The date is the middle of the 19th century, circa 1857.
The maker is Gillet & Brianchon and is the company that patented the lustre-sheen (luster-sheen) process of coloring porcelain. The lustre-sheen is visible on this piece, in green, purple and orange-brown.
The piece is 8 ¼” high and about 7” wide at the top.
The jardinière shows a lot of Old Paris features from the first part of the 19th century. The base has three mythological gryphons (griffins or griffons) in bisque holding up the bowl of the comport. Gryphons are considered to be gatekeepers, guardians or protectors. They look like a dragon without the serpent’s tail, with feet, head and wings like a big bird. Around the bowl are festoons of little white applied porcelain flowers and above each gryphon are three ball clusters of the same tiny porcelain flowers. The applied flowers are actually a feature of German and French makers from the 18th century, mostly around Berlin and Paris, and the labor intensive decoration was carried into the 19th century by many Paris porcelain companies.
The base stands on three feet. Here you can see the lustre-sheen in green. Above the green, higher up on the base, the lustre-sheen color turns to a violet or pale purple. Around the outside bowl the lustre-sheen is an orange-brown color.
The rim is curved and pointed, almost reticulated.
There is a lot of gold trim, and the gold shows wear from age.
Here are the flaws.
1. On the underside of a piece of porcelain that curls down above a gryphon’s head there is a flat chip. I show a photo of it and the chip is circled in red. 2. One gryphon has a crack down the front and through one wing. Remember that bisque is unglazed porcelain, and over time bisque will crack as the porcelain contracts and expands with temperature fluctuations. These cracks are to be expected, and if you ever see a piece of this age without the cracks, then for sure to be careful that the piece is authentic. I show photos of these age lines. 3. The other gryphons show age lines in the wings also, of shorter length, and mostly dark with age. I show photos of a few of the age lines. 4. The applied porcelain flowers are mostly intact, but over time some of them got chipped on the outer edges. I show an example in a photo. Mostly though the flowers are in great shape. 5. Some of the applied porcelain flowers have dirt marks in their interiors, which is very difficult to clean, and is another sign of age. 6. There is an age line in the glaze on the inside of the bowl, moving from the top edge, down, and sideways for almost 3”. The line goes through the porcelain and can be seen faintly on the outside. I show a photo of the line as seen from the inside of the bowl.
The black maker’s mark on the underside is G.B. Brevete Paris inside a circle. There is a red handwritten H 27. There is an impressed number 572.
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