This is a 19th century French Haviland & Co Limoges spittoon or cuspidor. The date is circa 1876 to 1880.
The cuspidor is 6” high and 7” wide at the mouth.
The pattern is a factory lithographic transfer with added color. The blossoms are a pink moss rose. The foliage is in colors of green, brown and some blue. There is a cluster of the pattern on each side of the spittoon and two smaller clusters on the inside rim. There is a light blue enamel band around the rim, lower neck and bottom.
There are some flaws. Most of the blue enamel around the rim is worn away. There are dark ash flakes in the interior glaze. The outside glaze, around the belly, shows scratches and lines, and I provide a photo of one area with the brown scratches circled in red. There is some roughness around the rim. There are no chips, cracks or crazing.
The green underglaze mark is H&Co underscored. The black overglaze factory decorating mark is Haviland & Co Limoges inside a double circle.
I live in the heart of the Oregon wine country in the Pacific Northwest. I sometimes acquire antique porcelain and art glass spittoons for sale in my shop, acquired from estates, not because people are spitting tobacco into them, or collecting them, but because a spittoon is used in wineries and the homes of wine connoisseurs. The wine is tasted by savoring in the mouth to detect the subtle nuances, and perhaps swished around in the mouth, and then spit out into a spittoon. This means the estate is generally connected to a thriving winery or is the home of a wine connoisseur. The buyers of spittoons today use a spittoon in the same way, however some buyers use the spittoons for display or as a vase.