This is a Haviland & Co French Limoges Barbotine pottery (sometimes referred to as faience or terra cotta) jardinière vase with a triple opening on the top. The vase is massive; it weighs over 17 pounds and it is 19 ¼" long, 13" high and 5" wide. The age is circa 1876 to 1882, 19th century.
The huge jardinière was decorated at the L'Atelier d'Auteuil Haviland, or the Workshop of Auteuil Haviland, in Paris, by the Auteuil artist Maurice Bouquet. This artist specialized in painting bouquets of flowers in the Impressionistic style using Japanese techniques, or an impressionistic Japonisme.
Here are some reference cites. In "Ceramique Impressionniste: Avec le Soutien de Haviland", on pages 31 and 32, you can view several color photos of vases painted by Maurice Bocquet. There is a smaller version of this huge jardinière featured in the photo on page 31. In the "Evolution of Haviland China Design," on page 81, you can view another smaller jardinière painted by another Auteuil artist. In "Limoges: Deux Siecles de Porcelaine," there is a reference to the artist on page 214. There is a good discussion of the Auteuil School and the Barbotine decorating of faience in the book, "Faience et Porcelaine de Paris" by Regine de Plainval de Guillebon, along with some nice color photos of pieces by Braquemond, Dammouse and others, but a truly exceptional book for discussion of the porcelain factories and decorators of Old Paris. For further reading on this type of art, I refer you to "Japonisme: Japanese Influence on French Art 1854-1910," and "Felix Bracquemond et Les Arts Decoratifs". Of course, I just gave a brief reference list here.
Bocquet painted Haviland terra cotta pieces at the time Felix Braquemond operated the Auteuil Workshop in Paris, along with Chaplet. Bocquet was considered to be one of the few exceptional artists to paint on the pottery pieces produced by Braquemond, using the Barbotine techniques of decorating created by Ernest Chaplet, and you will find his pieces on display in museums today.
The glazing on this vase is amazing. There is a type of decorating unique to Paris where the artist attempted to make the ground or glaze appear to be a gorgeous stone. If Bocquet was trying to achieve this effect, then the stone is a high quality jade gemstone, with streaks of blue and white, and mottled with yellow. The green is deep, dark and rich, almost black in some areas.
The impressionism can be seen in the enameled flowers. The bouquet on the front is gorgeous, painted in pinkish tones of brown and mauve, and shades of cream.
The artist's signature is MB, in black under the glaze, on the front, on the bottom right corner.
The impressed or incised marks on the bottom of the vase are Haviland & Co followed by Limoges followed by the number 53 followed by the number 3.
There are no significant structural flaws. There are a few flaws due to age and because the piece is faience, not hard paste porcelain, and because of the type of glazing. 1)The glazing is crazed, and that is true of all of the Barbotine pieces. 2)The bottom edge, all around the perimeter, shows flakes of missing glaze and pottery. 3)On the front, near the artist's signature are several scratches in the glaze. 4)In various small places around the vase, there are glaze skips. 5)On the top rim there are a few abrasions on the glaze. 6)One the right side, there are some rough bubbles in the glaze. 7)On the rear right lower corner, in two spots, where the vase angles in at the bottom, and correspondingly below it, are two abrasions where the glaze chipped off. I shop photos of almost everything I mentioned. I tried to articulate each and every perceived flaw. This is an old vase, and there will be some wear. However the rarity is high, and the flaws are insignificant with respect to this rarity, so the value is not affected.
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