Yoeme/Yaqui Native American Pascola Spirit Dance Mask from Southern Arizona. This mask was handmade, carved and painted, in Tucson by a Yaqui native. Tucson is in Pima county Arizona and there are about 10,000 Yaquis living in four villages. The Yaqui/Yoeme originated in Northern Mexico in the Sonora area but were chased out by the Mexican people in the latter part of the 19th century. The Yaqui went into southern Arizona, mainly to Tucson, although there are still some living in Mexico in the Rio Mayo Valley in Southern Sonora. Tucson has four villages spread through out Tucson with the village of New Pasqua to the west of the city on the Yaqui reservation.
Traditional masks from the Sonora area have been carved for centuries and usually depict males with goat or horse hair beards and eyebrows. The masks almost always have a cross on the forehead and the absence of a cross usually means the mask was carved for tourists.
This mask is skillfully carved and has long tufts of animal hair attached to the mask. The wood is from the cottonwood tree, the paint is acrylic. The colors used on this mask are the traditional colors of red, black and white. There are two crosses painted on the mask, traditionally in the middle of the forehead, but also on the chin. The mask is "undanced" or un-used. It measures 7" long with the goat or horse hair adding another 12". The width is about 4 1/2" and protrudes out 3 inches. This mask would have been worn on the side or back of the head as it represents a human.