It's small but it has great big symbolism. This is an original post Civil War label pin, given to veteran members of the Grand Army of the Republic...G.A.R.
The Grand Army of the Republic was a fraternal organization for Union Civil War Veterans. It was established in 1866 and saw its heyday in the late 1800s. The group held annual national reunions and most states and departments held reunions and events at local levels. The individual veterans would join a post and attend regular meetings. The group was involved in politics by lobbying Congress for Veteran benefits and supporting political candidates.
The pin measures 5/8 inch across. It's made of bronzeclad copper.
The face of the pin features the Goddess of Liberty in the center, representing loyalty. On either side stands a soldier and a sailor clasping hands in front of the Goddess to represent fraternity. Two children in the foreground represent the assurance of protection and charity. On each side of this group are the flags and eagle representing freedom and an ax and bundle of rods for union.
Yes, all these are shown in relief on this small lapel pin.
Excellent antique condition. Circa 1866 to 1880s.
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1800s GAR Bronzed Lapel Pin - Grand Army of the Republic Vets