Rare Patinated Bronze Stylized 3 Atlas Men Carriers Group Floor Lamp, Probably from Franz Metzner, Made in Berlin around 1915.
Franz Metzner (18 November 1870, Wscherau, near Pilsen - 24 March 1919, Berlin) was an influential German sculptor, particularly his sculptural figures integrated into the architecture of Central European public buildings in the Art Nouveau / Jugendstil / Vienna Secession period.
He collaborated with Joseph Hoffmann and shared his time between his studio in Berlin and the "Wiener Werkstaette" in Vienna. The theme of this presentation is quite old and Metzner introduced these figures already in 1908. He was inspired by the satyrs of the fountain of the Roman Empire (200 AD) who are now in the Louvre in Paris. Later he stylized and these images and made some other versions. He used these later versions of some reliefs that were manufactured in Berlin at Bildgiesserei Kraas.
Metzer learned the craft of stone-cutting in Breslau with Christian Behrens and did apprenticeships in Saxony through 1894. He founded his own studio in Berlin in 1896 and worked predominantly for the royal porcelain factory until 1903, and became a professor at the Vienna college of arts and sciences. Metzner achieved notoriety by winning a Gold Medal at the Paris Exposition Universelle (1900).
Among his important works are the sculptures for Josef Hoffmann's 1904-1911 landmark Art Deco Palais Stoclet in Brussels, including the eccentric four green male nudes at the summit of the building. The Palais Stoclet is an example of "Gesamtkunstwerk", the integration of art and architecture, one of the goals of Jugendstil.
In 1910 Metzner met the vacationing Frank Lloyd Wright and, according to the scholarship of Anthony Alofsin, Metzer had an impact on Wright's "conventionalization" of the human figure and its incorporation into buildings like the Larkin Building and Midway Gardens. Around the same time, Metzner's designs influenced Czech artists working in Prague, Stanislav Sucharda among them.
A famous work is the 1913 Völkerschlachtdenkmal (People's Battle Monument), designed by the architect Bruno Schmitz in Leipzig. Metzner executed the powerful and strangely scaled interior figural-architectural sculpture in the "Hecker Tomb" with his teacher Behrens. The Monument was inaugurated in 1913 by Kaiser Wilhelm II and is associated with political strains of German nationalism in the period between the World Wars.
Much of Metzner's work in Germany was lost in World War II.
Dimensions are: h 63in(including shade holder); diameter bottom 14.5in.
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