A fine Vermont landscape by American artist Emile Albert Gruppe (1896-1978). Son of painter Charles Gruppe, Emile Gruppe was born in Rochester, New York, in 1896. In addition to his father's artistic influence, Emile Gruppe studied with George Bridgeman, John F. Carlson, Charles Chapman, Charles Hawthorne, and Richard Miller. He also took classes at the Art Students League in New York and the Académie de la Grand Chaumière in Paris. The majority of Gruppe’s artistic career was divided between painting at Cape Ann, Massachusetts, and in Vermont, Florida, and Portugal. While he best known is for his Impressionist harbor scenes and winter landscapes of these places, Gruppe also painted numerous portraits and figural works.
Early Morning, Mount Mansfield, Vermont depicts a snow-covered cluster of houses at the base of the mountain. In this painting, Gruppe used one of his favorite compositional devices, a low vantage point combined with a road that quickly leads the viewer’s eye into the middle ground. He painted the glistening snow, frozen pond, and slushy road with relish, lathering on layer after layer of thick pastel paint with bold strokes of the brush. One of the most attractive elements of the painting is the purple stand of trees that, along with the ridge and the distant mountain, creates a Post-Impressionist succession of horizontal bands in the upper half of the composition.
Gruppe taught as well as painted, and he founded the Gruppe Summer School in Gloucester, Massachusetts, with his former teacher John F. Carlson in 1942. Gruppe exhibited at the Art Institute of Chicago from 1913 to 1920, National Academy of Design from 1915 to 1941, Salmagundi Club from 1916 to 1952, North Shore Art Association from 1922 to 1958, Rockport Art Association from 1925 to 1957, Allied Aritsts of America from 1934 to 1952, and many other venues. Gruppe was a member of the Salmagundi Club, North Shore Art Association, Gloucester Society of Artists, Rockport Art Association, Allied Artists of America, and numerous other artists’ organizations. His work is found in many public collections, inculding the De Cordova Museum, Lincoln, Massachusetts; Smith College, Northampton, Massachusetts; Montclair Art Museum, White House, Washington, D.C.; Butler Art Institute, Youngstown, Ohio; San Antonio Museum, Texas; and the Los Angeles County Museum of Art.
Oil on canvas, signed lower right, inscribed on verso stretcher “, Early Morning, Mt. Mansfield Vermont,” and housed in a fine carved giltwood frame. Dimensions: 30” h x 36” w, actual; 40” h x 46” w, framed.