Joseph Dufour et Cie (1797-1820)
Scènes Turques after engravings from Comte de Choiseul-Gouffier
21 Wallpaper panels Circa 1815
Joseph Dufour trained in the wallpaper industry and worked in Lyon, which was a center for both the textile and wallpaper industries. In 1797, Joseph Dufour started the company together with his brother Pierre in Macon on Rue de la Paroisse. The designer Jean-Gabriel Charvet, renowned in Lyon, worked for them. Their first few years were not very successful; in 1800 they went into liquidation and Pierre left the company. By 1801, the business was operating under the name Joseph Dufour et Cie (translation: Joseph Dufour and Company).
Then the company grew rapidly. In 1805, the company employed more than 90 workers. Following the Savages’ success at the Fourth Exhibition of Products of the French Industry in 1806, Joseph Dufour moved to Paris in the Faubourg Saint Antoine. His company quickly became famous in Europe and America, not only for its panoramics but also for its repeating wallpaper. The company employed the talent of famous designers such as Xavier Mader and Evarist Fragonard. Joseph Dufour died in Paris 1827.
These 21 panels comprise scenes from Scènes Turques after engravings from Comte de Choiseul-Gouffier, Voyage Pittoresque de la Grèce, Vol. 1, Paris, 1782, circa 1815.
Consisting of two sets:
A. A twelve-panel set depicting various parts and scenes including 1) Travelers resting near Durlach in Caria. plate 74. 2) Ruins of the temple of Mars near to Mylassa. plate 99. 3) Views of the port of Assemkalasi. plate 61.
B. A nine-panel set depicting various parts and scenes including 1) An aqueduct near Ephesus. plate 118. 2) Travelers resting near Durlach in Caria. plate 74.
Comte de Choiseul-Gouffier (1752-1817), Voyage Pittoresque de la Grèce
The panels illustrate the voyage that the Comte de Choiseul-Gouffier made into the Aegean Sea and along the Turkish coast from Izmir to Rhodes in 1776. In 1782, upon his return to Paris, the Comte de Choiseul-Gouffier published Voyage Pittoresque de la Grèce. The engravings contained therein are based upon drawings by noted artist J.B. Hilair, which he made in situ when he accompanied Choiseul-Gouffier on his travels. The engravings give exact but inverted topographical views of landscapes and of antique ruins, and present a perfect combination of geographical interest while harking back to antiquity and satisfying the armchair travelers’ appetite for both exoticism and realism. There is a clear reference of each scene in Choiseul-Gouffier’s book.
As Choiseul-Gouffier’s books were met with such interest, and Joseph Dufour was achieving success with his scenic wallpaper, he took upon the challenge of recreating a wallpaper panorama designed after some of the engravings in Choiseul-Gouffier’s book. Approximately 1,000 woodcuts had to be made to transform and enlarge the engravings to be printed on wallpaper.
These panels came from a home in Dublin, NH, where they were installed after being purchased at Parke-Bernet auction house in 1931.
Good condition overall, with stains, edge losses, imperfections and flaking paint. Dimensions: Overall 74 1/2" (6' 4.5") h x 456" (38') w. The 12-panel set width is 295" (24' 7"). The 9 panel set width is 161" (13' 5").
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