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Antique Staffordshire mottled brown treacle glazed window sash support fronted with the grimacing face of an African Lion (see all Photos). The Lion’s impressive mane and intense expression (Photos 1 and 5) gives it a regal demeanor much like the Lion faces often depicted in certain British Royal Arms renditions. The molasses brown glaze on this window support displays small patches of dark lustrous sheen where the manganese oxide rich glaze puddles in crevices (e.g., Photos 3, 4 and 5). The metallic stained composition of the treacle glaze projects a distinct oily sheen or gleam when viewed under intense reflected light. Although this window sash stop has no pottery mark or makers name, the yellowware clay body and thick dark brown glaze is typical of British pottery in Staffordshire, Yorkshire and elsewhere from about 1780 onward. Many collectors call this glazed pottery type Rockingham after wares that were produced at Swinton in Yorkshire since the late 1700s.
This window sash support or stop was crafted by hand and made by pressing slabs of common buff clay into molds and joining the pieces together, smoothing over joints and then finishing some of the last details by hand with a sharp sculpting tool. The pronounced relief that constitutes the full front view of the Lion face was pressed and shape as one piece while the rounded back of the sash stop was press molded using a second form. The only seams not fully worked over that still remain from joining these two pieces together are visible along the cordoned base of the stop (one of the seams is visible along the cordoned portion of the base in Photo 3). Finally, one of the last details to be added before firing this stop was the scoring or incising of the grid on the flat portion of the rest section(see Photos 2 and 5).
A complete history of Staffordshire window sash supports (aka sash stops) is well beyond the scope of this listing. Of course, what can be said right now is that this window support was used to hold up a sliding window sash so that outside air could ventilate a room. Vertically sliding sash windows were an architectural advancement perfected in the late 1600s and early years of the 1700s. Sliding wood sash window frames replaced older casement style iron window frames that typically opened like a door by swinging outward (some casement windows, of course were fixed and did not open). In America, vertically sliding sash windows slowly replaced outwardly swinging casement windows first among the wealthy and then subsequently among all classes by 1750 in the settled parts of the country.
And with this change to vertically sliding wood sash window frames also came the shift to rectangular window panes and wood cames that used putty. Prior to wood sash windows, flat window glass was cut into small pieces called quarrels and set into turned lead strips to construct the glass portion of the window. Quarrels often were diamond shaped and had corners that were not right angles. Consequently, some fragments can be identified in sherds recovered from excavations based on the acute or obtuse angled corners. Archaeologists and architectural historians debate exactly when wood sash windows replaced casement windows as the preferred window style for American dwellings and the evidence recognized to date seems to suggest a uneven shift influenced by socio-economic status and geographical setting that began in the last decade of the 1600s.
One of the most thorough interdisciplinary studies of casement windows that included archaeological evidence was compiled by Isabel Davies and addressed casement window examples in Williamsburg, Virginia and surrounding areas (see Colonial Williamsburg Occasional Papers in Archaeology Vol. I, published by the Colonial Williamsburg Foundation in 1973 and the chapter by Isabel Davies titled ‘ Window Glass in Eighteenth-Century Williamsburg’, pp 78-99). Davies noted that architectural historian Marcus Whiffen referenced the historical fact that ‘sash windows were specified for the Capitol in the Act of 1699' and then went on to say that ‘it is likely that they (sash windows) were universal in the private houses of Williamsburg from the very first’ (Davies ibid. pg 89 quoting Whiffen). Davies (ibid. pg 89) also noted that Robert Beverly wrote that he observed in 1705 that Williamsburg residents constructed their dwellings with ‘Stories much higher than formerly, and their Windows large and sasht with Cristal Glass.’
Obviously, ceramic window sash supports also known as stops like the example offered for purchase here were not produced until vertically sliding sash windows became popular enough to make production profitable. Exactly when the first such pottery sash support was produced is not currently known, however treacle glazed pottery supports seem to be among the earliest antique examples extent today. Conversely, window sash stops in fine white salt-glaze stoneware, English brown saltglaze stoneware, mottled Whieldon-type wares or even Creamware or Pearlware are not known to be documented to date (if any viewer knows of sash stops in these other ceramic wares and that were produced before 1800, kindly drop me an email - - thanks, Doc. ). However, the sash stop listed here demonstrates that well fired yellowware covered with a thick treacle brown glaze were available in the early 1800s. In fact, the one shown here was produced by a pottery in Great Britain sometime between about 1790 and 1860, hence the c1825 mid-date.
Examples of antique window sash stops in any ceramic body are hard to find and the few offered today often display less detail and workmanship. Other antique examples more like the one listed here typically run $200 to $285 each despite chips or hairlines (see full Condition notes farther below). So if you are looking for a nice antique sash stop more than 150 years old, then make sure you seriously consider this one while it is still available. And as always, this window sash support also comes with my Docs Antiques 100% satisfaction guarantee or you may return it using my return policy (see complete Return Policy details farther below). You also have the option to ask for a customized lay-away plan for purchasing this item (and others when combining orders) by simply requesting the terms you wish to use and then let Doc take care of setting it up and combining any items together as desired (payment installments may be modified at any time should the unexpected ever arise, just let me know by email and I’ll change the due dates).
The last Photo shows this window stop along side some antique items dating from the late 1600s and 1700s for comparison only (other items shown in Photo 9 are a George II brass candlestick, a Wrotham slipware handles flower pot with attached saucer, a gadrooned Whieldon small plate, and two French faience cruets from the early to mid 1700s). None of these other items are for sale here. Only the window sash stop shown in the first eight photos is for sale in this listing.
SIZE & CONDITION: This sash stop stands 5 3/8 inches tall, measures 4 3/4 inches deep (front to back) and is 4 1/4 inches wide across the widest part of the Lion’s face. It weighs just under 1 1/2 lbs and sits on a flat base (see Photo 7). Final shipping weight is estimated between 2.5 and 3 lbs). It is in good condition (see all Photos) with just one internal piece missing (a pencil points to it Photo 6 where it measures about 1 1/2 inches by 5/8 inches, hole not visible when viewed from the front) probably from a sash being dropped on it. The sash stop also has two chips, one at the top of the Lion’s head as shown in Photo 6 with red pen pointing to it and measures about 1/2 by 5/8 inches, and the other hidden under the base and not visible when displayed upright (see Photo 7). Wear and scratches are not prominent although the tip of Lion’s nose displays glaze scuffing and some of the grid on the sash rest exhibits wear from supporting windows. Consequently, this sash stop was used as designed and most antique examples offered today also shown typical use wear and damage. Beyond the minor issues noted above, this window sash stop has no other defects and no other chips, hairlines, major stains, deep scratches, repairs or restoration. Of course, if the buyer is not completely satisfied, then she/he may return this item for a refund as noted below (see our complete return policy for all details as stated below).
SHIPPING: All US mainland buyers pay $9.90 for well packed USPS Priority Mail and this is an estimated savings of $3 to $5 since insurance and tracking are INCLUDED in this amount. That is, the insured postage you pay for delivery in the US is always less than our actual costs or we refund the difference back to you, and there are never any handling or packing fees added to any of your Docs Antiques purchases, ever. All international buyers will also pay less than the actual shipping costs for all verifiable locations outside the Continental US mainland. Send us your address and we will email you up to four options for sending this item to your country. We only use the USPS for International shipping to reduce broker fees and certain Custom’s charges when an item is over 100 years old and the option you select allows for enclosing a special waiver. Please note that international import duties, taxes and other special charges are not included in the item price or our shipping costs and these additional charges are the Buyer's responsibility. We do offer a petition waiver for VAT relief on the behalf of the buyer which may help reduce certain import taxes when your country grants such petitions for items over 100 years old and the shipping option you select allows a waiver request to be included. Please check with your country's Customs Office to determine what these additional costs will be prior to purchasing this item -- thanks.
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c1825 Staffordshire Rockingham Treacle Glaze Lion Window Sash Support or Stop
$114 USD SOLD
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