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Wedgwood Creamware Queensware Candlestick 1899 (coded date mark; 8 inches tall)
Antique creamware candlestick with impressed Wedgwood factory mark and letter codes for March, 1899 (see all Photos). As such, this example is about 118 years old. The creamware hue of this candlestick is hard to capture perfectly and is best depicted in the first photo (as well as in Photos 3, 4, 5, and 7) and is best described as a medium cream color with a slight yellowish gray tint to the glaze where it puddles in the thick applied grape vine decoration. The Wedgwood factory marks on this candlestick are in three groups and are all impressed with no printed marks (see all Photos). The impressed marks include a (1) WEDGWOOD (with Serif font), a B with an R nearby, and MADE IN ENGLAND. The use of a typeface without Serifs for the impressed WEDGWOOD mark was substituted in 1929 making this candlestick older than that date. The two impressed letter indicate the year and month with the third letter, a workman codemark missing on this example. Additional dating information is given farther below.
The quality of the hand applied sprig molding (grape vine motif) is excellent and in strong relief. The Wedgwood factory produced plates, teacups, bowls and entire dinner and tea services in this same leafy grapevine applique pattern throughout most of the 1900s and often added the printed label Queensware to their other factory marks. The original beginning of this creamware grapevine pattern dates back to before 1800. Josiah Wedgwood first perfected creamware in the early 1760s by using Cornwall clay to create a stronger and lighter clay body with an overall even cream colored hue. Wedgwood adapted the name Queensware for his creamware after producing a creamware breakfast service for Queen Charlotte in 1762.
The quality of this candlestick is excellent and typical of the better Wedgwood wares produced in the last century in England. In the past 25 years, Wedgwood creamwares were no longer produced in England and were made elsewhere. The clay for this candlestick has an even cream color hue and the glaze has no crazing and is applied evenly. The shape of this creamware candlestick mimics sand cast brass candlesticks with cannon barrel-shapes and turned banding dating from the 1760s to about 1820, but that were most fashionable between 1780 and 1800. The molded grape vine relief with leafy tendrils, however is not a detail present on antique brass cannon-shape candlesticks and is only found on pottery, drabware and stoneware examples. An example of a sand cast cannon-shaped candlestick from about 1790 was resulted sold from my Ruby lane shop and can be found under the title ‘ 1790 hollow cast & turned brass Candlestick with side ejector’ (RL691.a1604A&B) if the reader wishes to view the listing.
The precise manufacture date for this candlestick can be gleaned from several subtle clues. First, the outer foot on the base has been carefully wiped by hand and is nearly void of glaze. Second, the WEDGWOOD name is in a font type that has serifs and impressed on the underside of the base was changed by the Wedgwood factory after 1929 and lacks the serifs. The impressed phrase ‘Made in England’ was added to some Wedgwood wares beginning in 1898 and commonly added to wares after 1910 (Geoffrey A. Godden’s ‘Encyclopedia of British Pottery and Porcelain Marks’ published in 1964 by Bonanza Books, New York 1964: see pp 659, entry #4093). Finally, many Wedgwood wares produced after 1859 have impressed year and month codes using letters or number depending on the period of manufacture. Th candlestick listed for sale here has an ‘R’ and a ‘B’ impressed near the Wedgwood name (see last Photo). Starting in 1907, numbers were impressed to help indicate the year that a Wedgwood item was produced. Between 1864 and 1907, an impressed upper case R was used to indicate March whereas an upper case B was only used once after 1874 to designate a particular year. It was only used to designate the year 1899 (ibid, pp 658). Typically, there would also be a third impressed letter as noted above that would be a workman’s code and all three letters were placed together as a group. For some accidental oversight, this candlestick only has two of the three letters used during the 1859 to 1906 period.
This is a nice Wedgwood Queensware candlestick with applied sprig-molded grapevine decoration that is in excellent condition. And so if you enjoy creamware or collect Wedgwood wares, then make sure you seriously consider this candlestick while it is still available. And as always, this candlestick also comes with my Docs Antiques 100% satisfaction guarantee or you may return it using my return policy for a refund (see full Return Policy details farther below).
SIZE and CONDITION: This Wedgwood candlestick stands about 8 inches tall and rests on a base that has a diameter of about 4 3/8 inches across. The rim of the top of the candle cup has a diameter of 2 3/8 inches across and the inside of the candle cup will hold a candle with a diameter of 1 inch. Although this candlestick is old and used, it is in excellent condition with no defects and no chips, hairlines, stains, major scratches, repairs or restoration. The inside of the candlecup shaft measures 1 inch across and still retains wax in it from past use (see all Photos). Finally, this candlestick is a perfect size for displaying on a shelf, mantle. Table or counter and will certainly capture interest and conversation in most any setting. Of course, if the buyer is not 100% satisfied, then she/he may return this item for a refund (see our refund policy noted below).
SHIPPING: International Buyer has selected Option B as follows for Australia (updated 1.18.17):
Option B) Registered USPS International First-Class Package is $41 USD for special handling (not insured but always signed for during transit, delivery up to 16+ days, special tracking may be obtainable). Registered mail means that the package is manually signed for and accounted for at each step of the way, as well as when it is delivered to you (this is optimum if packages are often stolen or damaged during transport within your region).
All US mainland buyers pay $9.40 for well packed and insured USPS Priority Mail (this is an estimated savings of about $1 to $3 since insurance and tracking are also INCLUDED in the above quoted amount for all mainland US addresses). No handling or packing fees are ever charged. All international buyers will pay only the exact shipping costs for all verifiable locations outside the continental US mainland. We only use the USPS for International shipping to reduce broker fees and some Custom’s charges when an item is over 100 years old. Also, we always encourage the International buyer to select an International shipping option that also provides insurance against loss or damage, and ask the International customer to send us their address for an email quote covering all insured International shipping options to your location. To date, we have shipped fragile items to 28 countries around the globe and have not had any items lost or broken, however this fact does not guarantee that no postal mishandling will ever occur in the future. Also, please note that International import duties, taxes and other charges are not included in the item price or shipping costs and these additional charges are the Buyer's responsibility. We do offer a petition for VAT relief on the behalf of the buyer which may help reduce certain import taxes should your country allow such petitions for items over 100 years old. Please check with your country's customs office to determine what these additional costs will be prior to purchasing this item -- thanks.
RETURN POLICY: Satisfaction and peace of mind are guaranteed for all Docs Antiques Ruby Lane listings -- please refer directly to our Service Pledge and our Return Policy for full details. And this means that if the buyer is unhappy with the purchase, then she/he may return it by sending the item back undamaged and post marked within fourteen days of original receipt for a refund (certain shipping costs are non-refundable). Items damaged by shipping in the US are covered by insurance and while this rarely happens because we double pack, we will gladly help you file your insurance claim should it ever be necessary (we have not had any claims for damage or loss due to poor packing in over nine years). Of course, never send an item back that has been damaged by shipping since that will void the original insurance. Instead, contact us for help and we will gladly assist.
PAYMENT OPTIONS: We accept checks on US Banks (no temporary checks, all checks must have 9 digit routing code; item ships after check fully clears), USPS money orders, PayPal, or contact us with your verified address for more options. If you wish to use a credit card by way of PayPal, that option becomes available after you submit a Ruby Lane purchase order (see Terms of Sale for additional information). Once submitted, a PayPal icon will appear at the bottom of this listing and then you may proceed from there if you wish to pay via PayPal. Thanks for looking and do come back and visit again when you have the time.
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Dr. Moir, Frisco, TX
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