This is a genuine, authentic 1800s globe made by the Buckeye Lantern Company to fit their "Buckeye, Jr., No. 3" lantern frame. It's very unusual, sporting the company's embossed antlered buck deer head logo over TRADEMARK cast into the outside of the glass. The "Buckeye, Jr., No. 3" was a unique design, incorporating both an inner and an outer glass shade onto the single burner. This is the larger, outside globe that fits on the outside of the burner. We can date it to some time between approximately 1878 and 1881, the few years that the Buckeye Lantern Company was in business. (SEE BACKGROUND, BELOW)
We found limited information about the Buckeye, Jr., No. 3 in "The Illustrated Encyclopedia of Railroad Lighting Volume I: The Railroad Lantern" by Richard Barrett, who included it in the "Baron" section of his book because (SEE "BACKGROUND" BELOW) the Buckeye company's history is intermingled with the Baron Manufacturing Company, which produced a different line of railway lanterns that are highly prized and rabidly pursued by today's collectors.
Although less sought after than Barons, the Buckeye lanterns are quite scarce and hard to find -- Barrett says it gently: "[This] lantern did not have a large impact on the marketplace." Its unique design was intended to mimic the performance of a tubular lantern. Using coal oil for fuel, it would burn well despite strong air currents and stay lit even if the lantern was swung around violently.
SIZE: The top rim is 3-3/4 inches across from outside edge to outside edge. The bottom rim is 4 inches across from outside edge to outside edge.
CONDITION is terrific - sound, clear glass with no cloudiness. The raised deer emblem is readily visible and well defined. Both rims have expected scuffs and flakes from use. There is some insignificant rim chipping (maximum 1/4 inch deep, right on the rim edge) and an inconsequential 1/2" chip that is IN THE EXTENDED BASE ONLY, will not worsen, and does not extend into the upper part of the globe. ALL this chipping will disappear when this shade is put in place in a lantern. Even without a frame, this globe is an interesting display with the large stag gazing off the side.
BACKGROUND: According to author Barrett, the double-globe Buckeye lanterns were the invention of Evan Cash and Alfred Baron, who in the late 1870s partnered to form the Buckeye Lantern Company. Alfred Baron was the brother of Charles S. S. Baron, who with Alfred started the Baron and Brother Company in Belleaire, Ohio in 1865, and then in 1871 began a second business taking on additional partners, which they called the Baron Manufacturing Company. The Buckeye Company came about in the late 1870s when Alfred expanded into a second company, joining up with Cash to manufacture the dual-globe lantern model on which they had obtained patents in 1877 and 1879.
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