This is a hand colored lithograph of the species Petroica Goodenovii (the Red-capped Robin, of central and southern Australia), drawn by the famous 19th century English naturalist, ornithologist and natural history illustrator JOHN GOULD, the lithographic plate produced by his assistant Henry Constantine Richter (1821-1902). Gould's prints of hummingbirds are most likely his most popular, but over a period of many years, especially in the 1830's and 1840's, he produced a number of major works on the birds of various regions of the world, such as Europe, the Himalayas, and Australia. Gould's observations of birds collected by Darwin led to the latter's theories on evolution. Gould was a taxidermist, professional gardener and zoological curator in the course of his long career, and he prospered greatly from the sale of the lithographs of birds. This example, measuring 18 1/2" by 13 1/2" inside the mat (22" by 17" as framed) is hand colored and is in good condition. I have not examined it out of the frame but I believe there might be one foxing spot and perhaps slight handling crease, though neither is bothersome. Gould's Australia tome came out in the 1840's, so this could date to that period. .
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