French school of the early XXth century
25 x 17.5 cm (38.5 x 30 cm with the frame)
Trace of signature lower left
This beautiful gouache in very good condition represents the Golden Horn in Turkey with the Büyük Valide Han and a boat crossing the estuary next to the sea.
The Golden Horn is an estuary of two rivers that flow into the Bosphorus Strait in Istanbul. It is 7.5 kilometers long and 750 meters wide. It is also a natural port for the peninsula. The Byzantine Empire had its naval headquarters there, and the walls built along the coastline permitted to protect the city of Constantinople from attacks frim the sea. After the capture of Constantinople on May 29, 1453 by Mehmed the Conqueror, the Greek citizens, the Greek Orthodox Church, Jews, Italian merchants, and other non-Muslims began to live along the Horn in the districts of Fener and Balat.
In the 20th century, the Golden Horn has parks along each shore and the Büyük Vaide Han is visible from the sea.
The Büyük Valide Han (“Great Inn of the Sultan's Mother”) is the largest and oldest historical Han in Istanbul, Turkey. It was founded in 1651 by Kösem Valide Sultan, the mother of the Ottoman sultans Murat IV and Ibrahim. A han is a caravanserai where the merchants who came from the east and the west were housed and where their goods were stored. It was originally hosting thousands of travelers and their animals every night.
The Buyuk Valide han is located in the central historic market district between the Grand Bazaar and the Eminönü district on the bank of the Golden Horn. In the 19th century, the building was inhabited and associated with the Iranian merchant community. At the end of the 19th century, many wealthy Iranian merchant families had their offices there. Iranian Shia rituals such as Ashura celebrations were taken place in the main courtyard of the han, where a private mosque was also used by the community.
French school of the beginning of teh XXth century - The Golden Horn in Istanbul