Michel Décrouan – Duchess of Angoulême – Circa 1820
French engraving made in Paris around 1820 by Décrouant. Adaptation of a very similar one by Paul-André Basset (1759-1829). Unlike the original, the Duchess of Angoulême holds a piece of paper in her hand with the inscription “Établisem. de Bienfaisance”, which refers to the patronage and protection that the Duchess granted to the Orphanage of the Child Jesus, located on rue Rataud, 3 in Paris, personally paying for the care and education of 50 children.
Marie-Thérèse Charlotte of France (Versailles, 19 December 1778 – Frohsdorf, Austria, 19 October 1851), Madame Royale, was the eldest child of Louis XVI and Marie Antoinette, and the only one to reach adulthood (her siblings both dying before the age of 11). She was married to Louis Antoine, Duke of Angoulême, who was the eldest son of the future Charles X, her father's younger brother; thus the bride and groom were also first cousins.
After her marriage, she was known as the Duchess of Angoulême. She became the Dauphine of France upon the accession of her father-in-law to the throne of France in 1824. Technically she was Queen of France for twenty minutes, on 2 August 1830, between the time her father-in-law signed the instrument of abdication and the time her husband, reluctantly, signed the same document.
Michel François Denis Décrouan (or Décrouant) was an engraver and publisher born in Paris on May 6, 1785 and died in the same city on August 23, 1839 at the age of 54. He had his workshop at 14 rue Saint - Séverin. His artistic production includes numerous portraits of figures and traditional and historical scenes related to the end of the Napoleonic period as well as the reigns of Louis XVIII and Charles X.
Sources: Wikipedia; Archives de France.
Artist: Michel Décrouan (1785-1839).
Signed in the lower right corner.
Medium: Engraving on paper.
Condition: Very good condition.
Dimensions: 26 x 19 cm. / 10 1/4 x 7 1/2 in. (visible).
Frame: 38 x 30 cm. / 15 x 11 3/4 in. Gilt wood.
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Rare Original Engraving, Madame Royal Etching Portrait, Circa 1820