An American, David Haviland, was an importer of French and English porcelains during the early to mid-1800's. In 1849 he moved his family to Limoges, France, to begin his own porcelain manufacturing and decorating factory and as a result, Haviland China, was born. Upon his death in 1879, his two sons split the company. Charles formed Haviland & Co., while Theodore formed Theodore Haviland. Charles Haviland produced this item.
The majority of Haviland porcelain is decorated over the glaze. However, cobalt is placed under the glaze and the gold transfer decoration over the glaze with an additional firing at the foot of the kiln where the temperature is lower. Cobalt is considered one of the most expensive porcelains and only the very wealthy could afford entire set of this elaborate china.
This gorgeous large relish dish is cobalt with gold by Dammouse. The gold transfer is a delicate floral pattern with gold decorated border and handle. It measures 9 1/2" in length and 8" in width and carries the Haviland back-stamp mark "H & Co. over L over France", circa 1888-1896 and the decorator mark "c" - "Haviland & Co. over Limoges", circa 1889-1931. There are no cracks, chips or repairs, scratches or wear; near mint condition.
Pictured on page 44 of "Haviland China The Age of Elegance" by Nora Travis, 3rd edition.