Engraver Thomas G. Hawkes and English glassmaker Frederick Carder founded Steuben Glass Works in Corning, N.Y., in 1903. Carder was appointed artistic designer, production supervisor, and marketing director. Throughout his career, he continually experimented with innovative colors and techniques, like layering, acid-etching, and acid-cutting his glass.
In addition to introducing handmade, novel, art nouveau pieces, Carder also invented a new type of iridescent glass which, combining the Latin word for gold and part of a Middle English word for sheen, he named Aurene. Aurene, by a much-abbreviated process, imitates the luminous patina that frequently gilds Roman glass vessels exposed to centuries of contact with humidity or mineral matter. Carder reproduced this iridescence by spraying clear, malleable glass with a metallic chloride, then heating it in a special manner.
Although at the time Louis Comfort Tiffany was also producing a similar iridescent glass called Favrile, many consider Carder’s to be more lustrous. Aurene was so distinctive, in fact, that in 1904 its technology earned a patent.
This gorgeous set of three shades are originally from the same hanging lamp fixture. There are very slight variances because each piece is an individual piece of art. The shades are composed of 10 ribbed panels which flow gently outward at the base. The color pallet includes beautiful gold, green, blue and rose iridescent shades. The shades measure 4 7/8" in height, 2 3/16 across the fitter rim and vary from 4 3/4" to 5" across the base. There are no cracks, chips or repairs. Again they would be beautiful used together or individually. Lovely set.