"Cut glass" is glass that has been decorated entirely by hand by use of rotating wheels. Cuts are made in an otherwise completely smooth surface of the glass by artisans holding and moving the piece against various sized metal or stone wheels, to produce a predetermined pleasing pattern. Cutting may be combined with other decorative techniques, but "cut glass" usually refers to a glass object that has been decorated entirely by cutting.
The Brilliant Cut Glass era i American extended from 1876 -1917. First introduced by eight enterprising American companies at the 1876 Centennial Exposition in Philadelphia.
This lovely set of square butter pats, circa 1880-1900, have an intricate design composed of strawberry diamond, crosscut diamond, hob-star and fan cutting patterns. The pats measure 3 3/4" across and 7/8" in depth; the blanks used are 1/4" in thickness. They are in very good condition with no cracks, chips or repairs; there are some tiny nicks on the fan edges which are only noticeable with close inspection and in no way affect the use or beauty of these items.