Beautiful orange and white art glass teardrops are the focal point of this Florenza necklace. The pendant in the form of a Maltese Cross (see information below) features long, smooth teardrop orange/opaline glass cabochon stones accented by aurora borealis rhinestones and opaline orange cabochons on a rich antiqued brassy gold tone setting. The pendant measures 2-7/8 inches diameter and is signed on the back. It comes with the original 24 inch chain. All stones are present, plating is in excellent condition; this is just an absolutely gorgeous necklace!
Dan Kasoff started producing jewelry in the early 1930's. The Florenza name was first used in the late 1940's and the company ceased operation in 1981. Based in New York City, their designs resemble old Victorian and Renaissance Revival jewelry and always exhibited quality workmanship and materials. Not all Florenza jewelry was marked and the designs varied. They made jewelry for companies including Weiss, Kramer, Coro, Capri, Carnegie, Max Factor, House of Benedict, Estee Lauder and others.
Symbolism of The Maltese Cross – it is universally agreed that the four arms of the Cross stand for the four Cardinal Virtues – namely; prudence, temperance, justice and fortitude. For the eight points and the meanings given is not so straight forward. Various authorities give differing meanings to the eight points.
The original version will be the Beatitudes as given by the Lord Jesus Christ, in the fifth Chapter of the Gospel of Matthew;
The Maltese Cross
1. Blessed are the poor in spirit; for theirs is the kingdom of heaven.
2. Blessed are those who mourn; for they shall be comforted.
3. Blessed are the meek; for they shall inherit the earth.
4. Blessed are those who hunger and thirst after righteousness; for they shall be satisfied.
5. Blessed are the merciful; for they shall obtain mercy.
6. Blessed are the pure in heart; for they shall see God.
7. Blessed are the peacemakers; for they shall be called the children of God.
8. Blessed are those who suffer persecution for righteousness' sake; for theirs is the kingdom of heaven.
However, two other lists have been found during the research for this paper which are variations of the beatitudes;
In one document the eight obligations of the Knights are given as:
To live in truth. To have faith. To be sincere. To give proof of humility. To love justice. To be merciful. To endure persecution. To repent of sin.
A similar list with slightly differing wording has also been found;
Spiritual Joy; to live without malice; to weep over your sins; to humble yourself to those who injure you; to love justice; to be merciful; to be sincere and pure of heart; and to suffer persecution.
An additional list of Eight Knightly Virtues.
In the Priory of Dacia, in the tradition of the Russian Grand Priory, a list of Knightly Virtues is used not to replace the Beatitudes but to be used in addition;
Loyalty. Care for the Church. Helpfulness to the Sick and the Poor. Contempt for Death. Honour and Glory. Courage. Generosity. Piety.
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