This rare and historical sterling silver jewelry set is of superb quality, stamped DWB Silver and is from a group of German artists in the early 1900s at a Bauhaus school by a Deutscher Werkbund silversmith for exhibition arts. This modernist arts and crafts design is incredible in quality and the stunning Rock Crystal is set perfectly into this exquisite design. Truly a great collectors piece. Stamped DWB Silver. The clasp has beautiful details and is marked Silver. The pendant is 1” by 5/8” wide. The chain is about 16" The earrings are a touch over ½” tall and 3/8” wide. One earring has the tiniest tiniest chip on the side of a corner, miniscule…see seventh photo. All pieces are marked DWB for Deutscher Werkbund and Silver.
The Deutscher Werkbund was an English German Association of Craftsmen, an important organization of artists influential in its attempts to inspire good design and craftsmanship for mass-produced goods and architecture. The Werkbund, which was founded in Munich in 1907, was composed of artists, artisans, and architects who designed industrial, commercial, and household products as well as practicing architecture. The group’s intellectual leaders, architects Hermann Muthesius and Henry van de Velde, were influenced by William Morris, who, as leader of the 19th-century English Arts and Crafts Movement, proposed that industrial crafts be revived as a collaborative enterprise of designers and craftsmen. Van de Velde and Muthesius expanded Morris’ ideas to include machine-made goods. They also proposed that form be determined only by function and that ornamentation be eliminated.
The Werkbund exerted an immediate influence, and similar organizations soon grew up in Austria (Österreichischer Werkbund, 1912) and in Switzerland (Schweizerischer Werkbund, 1913). Sweden’s Slöjdföreningen was converted to the approach by 1915, and England’s Design and Industries Association (1915) also was modeled on the Deutscher Werkbund.
The Werkbund’s influence was further enhanced by its exhibition of industrial art and architecture in Cologne (1914). Among the buildings exhibited were some of the most notable examples of modern architecture in steel, concrete, and glass. These included a theatre by van de Velde and an administrative office building, the Pavilion for Deutz Machinery Factory, and garages by the architect Walter Gropius. World War I interrupted the Werkbund’s activity, but after the war it reasserted itself with a significant exhibition in Stuttgart (1927). Organized by the German architect Ludwig Mies van der Rohe, the exhibition formed a compendium of contemporary European developments in domestic architecture and construction. Many of the exhibiting architects, such as Mies, Gropius, and Le Corbusier, followed the ideas of Muthesius. The Werkbund also participated in the Paris exhibition of industrial arts and building held in 1930. The Werkbund’s displays were organized by Gropius, along with László Moholy-Nagy, Marcel Breuer, and Herbert Bayer. The association was disbanded in 1933 with the advent of Nazi rule in Germany. It was revived, however, after World War II.
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