Featuring a severely curved forged blade, classically formed hilt with solid grip and having quillons pointing towards the blade. An uncleaned and undisturbed example showing minor rust and pitting. Its blade is marked(see images) and has a decorative pattern cut into the steel. This type of saber was used by both cavalry and infantry.
Blade length along the outside curve is 33". Overall length is 36" along a straight line.
The pulwar or pulouar is a single-handed curved sword originating in Afghanistan. It is the traditional sword of the Pashtun people. Originating alongside other scimitar-type weapons such as the Arab saif, the Persian shamshir, the Turkish kilij, and the Indian talwar, all of them ultimately based on earlier Central Asian swords. Originally, the Khyber knife (chara) served as the weapon of the common people while upper-classes could afford to import swords from neighbouring Persia and India. Over time, the Afghans combined characteristics of the imported swords and adapted it to create the pulwar.
Borrowing features from the swords of neighboring lands, the pulwar may be described as an Afghan version of the Indian talwar. Pulwar blades tend to be more elaborately fullered than those of the talwar. Some pulwar hilts were fitted to Persian blades which are slimmer and more curved and tapered towards the tip than the more typically robust pulwar blades. The hilt is characterized by two quillons which are short and turned to point in the direction of the blade in the manner of some shamshir and saif, a feature typical of swords produced in Qajar period Iran. Like the tulwar, the hilt is made of iron, and is attached to the tang of the blade by drilling and pinning . Unlike the flat disc surrounding the pommel of the tulwar, the pommel of pulwar exhibits a flattened cup-shape having a cap in the 18th century style.
Pashtuns are native to the land of southern Afghanistan and north-western Pakistan (occasionally referred to as the Pashtunistan region) where the majority of them reside. Significant and historical communities of the diaspora exist in the Sindh and Punjab provinces of Pakistan (particularly in the cities of Karachi and Lahore) and in the Rohilkhand region of the Uttar Pradesh state in India (and also in major cities such as Delhi and Bombay). A recent diaspora has formed in the Arab states of the Persian Gulf (primarily in the United Arab Emirates) as part of the larger South-Asian diaspora.
Pulwar Saber, Afghanistan, 18th century