Central Caucasus, presently North-East Armenia or North-West Azerbaijan, most probably Kazak region. Hand-knotted wool on wool antique rug, dated before World War I (1911) and signed (Grigyord/Grigyora "and" Amov?) - possibly name of Armenian maker, if it is just one name, or names of the ones (bride and groom) for whom the rug has been made. Another word possibly mentions a name of some village or location (Gola?).
Imposing rug of brilliant Leshgi star design (favorite motif across wider Caucasian area), filled with breath-taking cruciform shapes, which in my opinion only confirm Armenian maker and also owner. Also the Cyrillic alphabet and form of the name(s) confirm Armenian rug in otherwise very motley (and often combustible) mixture of ethnics, clans and tribes across the Transcaucasian area. Apparently synthetic and also plant-based dyes have been used, their inimitable deepness and abrash are another fascinating feature of indeed remarkable rug from Christian environment. Very remarkable are the three pairs of figures, two pairs of males and one pair of females. It seems the female wears scarf over her face, would it be possible to talk about mixed marriage, or was it just symbol of married woman? Another elements come from the rich repertoire of Caucasian motifs, including rugged mountains in the border, so-called scorpion motif (protecting owner against malice and evil), "wheel of fortune" motif etc. Overall great design with amazing iconography.
Good and usable condition, a few old well-made repairs, reinforced selvages, slightly fraying ends, typically corroded brown and some usual traces of age and use.
Collectable piece with investment and emotional value too.
MEASURES: cca 260 x 135 cm (cca 8 ft 6 in x 4 ft 5 in).
Antique Caucasian Armenian Dated Wedding Wool Rug, 1911
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