This is a very special piece. A Royal Copenhagen Hand-Painted Porcelain Covered Urn with Hand-Painted Topographical Scene of Fredensborg Castle in Denmark, and Monogrammed Putti Finial. A few facts about this very prestigious porcelain company's origins, as well as their marks, at the end of the listing.
Country of Origin: Denmark.
Size: 10 5/8" tall by 4 4 3/8" diameter.
Marks: Royal Copenhagen (logo) Three blue waves Under Base, Under Lid as well as Inside Urn. Crown and "Danmark" stamped in Green on bottom.
Circa: This mark was made between 1894 - 1900. (REF: Royal Copenhagen site).
Condition: Rubbing and Gilt Loss. Flake Under Base. Overall Good to Very Good Antique Condition.
About Royal Copenhagen:
Denmark's Queen Juliane Marie was known as a modern queen and a strong supporter of the country. It was the task of the reigning monarch to safeguard the country’s economic health with the development of domestic products and services. Her greatest legacy was founding the Royal Danish Porcelain Factory in 1775.
Juliane Marie was adamant from the start that each piece of Royal Copenhagen porcelain would be stamped with its unique factory mark: the three hand-painted waves that symbolise Denmark’s waterways, the ‘Oresund’ or Sound, the Great Belt and the Little Belt. The queen also introduced the royal crown stamp to highlight the factory’s royal association. The crown has changed over time and can be used to date each piece of Royal Copenhagen.
In the 1700's, it was good diplomatic practice amongst royalty and aristocracy to give fine porcelain as gifts. Following Danish defeat at the Battle of Copenhagen in 1801, Lord Nelson bought Royal Copenhagen porcelain for his beloved Lady Hamilton. The Danes lost the battle. But a love of Danish porcelain was victorious.
About the marks:
The three blue waves
When the Dowager Queen Juliane Marie founded the Royal Porcelain Factory in 1775, she insisted that the three waves should be the factory's trademark. The waves symbolise Denmark's three most important bodies of water; the Sound, the Great Belt and the Little Belt.
To this day, the waves are painted on the back of each piece of porcelain and comprise Royal Copenhagen's well-known signature of authenticity, a mark of fine craftsmanship and Danish porcelain art.
The royal crown
The crown symbolises Royal Copenhagen's beginnings in the hands of the entrepreneurial monarchy. The crown was initially painted by hand, but by the 1870's, the company began to stamp the mark under the glaze. The crown is decorated with the "Dagmar Cross", a jewelled crucifix dating from the Middle Ages that was discovered in 1690.
Over the years, the crown has changed but it is possible to identify the year or decade in which each piece of porcelain was manufactured. Below are some examples of the crown's evolution through time.
The craftmans's mark
It takes four years to learn the craft of painting on Royal Copenhagen porcelain. And although it may be difficult for a layperson to distinguish one Blue Fluted Plain design from another, accomplished painters always know their own work, as they know their own personal handwriting.
Each painter had (and still has) their own stamp, marked on the bottom of every piece of porcelain. Some
of the painters are well-known, but some are now a mystery.
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