This is a very rare cold painted Vienna or Wiener Bronze cast in the traditional lost wax technique (called `cire perdue') by FRANZ BERGMANN the renowned workshop that created great pieces with the highest quality level and the best collectors and resale value! Each figurine has been created with great detail, and also with humor. I love the dog knights riding a hobby horse! This old cold painted authentic Vienna or Wiener Bronze orchestra was cast in the traditional lost wax technique (cire perdue). The polychrome painting (several different layers) is called cold painted since it was not fired. This looks even better in person than in photos. This is a complete set with 32 pieces. We will be happy to include the marble chess board, but do caution that its weight will add substantially to the shipping cost. Our packing/insured shipping cost does NOT include cost for the board. We have priced this remarkable offering at very little above what we paid some years ago.
Country of Origin: Austria.
Marks: Bergmann logo (B in the urn) and AUSTRIA on the pieces with enough flat surface to be marked.
32 playing pieces.
Measures approximately 3 1/2" or less, Board measures 14 3/4" by 14 3/4".
Condition: Very Good with expected paint losses.
Franz Bergmann (1838 – 1894) was a professional chaser from Gablonz who came to Vienna and founded a small bronze factory in 1860. His son Franz Xaver Bergmann (1861 – 1936) inherited the Company and opened a new foundry in 1900.
A bit of history of Bronze Sculpture and Lost Wax - Cold Wax.
In the third millennium B.C., somewhere between the Black Sea and the Persian Gulf, an artist crafted a mould in beeswax, covered it in liquid clay and cooked it in a fire. In the flames the wax was lost, replaced by empty space. Tin and copper - alloys of bronze - were gathered and heated. Once melted, the metal was poured into the cavity of the fire-hardened clay. The metal cooled and the sculptor knocked the clay from the metal. The first bronze was cast.
French artisans originally inspired the production of the small bronze figures, but in 1850, a man by the name of Mathias Berman founded the manufactory in the year 1850 in Hernals near Vienna at his own home and started to mould, to chase and to color animal bronze figures. During the World Exhibition in the year 1873, a certificate of recognition for his products was given to him by the Austrian government. This was the birth of what we know today as Vienna Bronze, or in Austrian: "Wiener Bronze".
'Cold painted bronze' refers to pieces cast in Vienna and then decorated in several layers with so called dust paint; the know-how for the mix of this kind of paint has been lost. The color was not fired hence "cold painted". The painting was carried out mainly by women working at home, a typical cottage industry.
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