Fischer porcelain was made in Herend, Hungary, by Moritz Fischer. The factory was founded in 1839 and is still in business. The company was nationalized in 1948 and privatized again in 1993. The wares are sometimes referred to as Herend porcelain. Ignac Fischer learned his craft at Herend and in 1867 founded his own pottery manufacture in Pest. Imagination has no bounds and Fischer produced a wealth of decorative art pottery that was extensively exported. Many of the pieces found their way to the United States. These wares were fanciful creations based on Hungarian decorative motifs but incorporated middle eastern and oriental designs as well. The pieces in these exhibition provide a wide range of examples of this wonderful decorative art form. This meticulously handpainted flacon, with a tulip and a carnation, partially gilded, is marked on the bottom Fischer Vilmons, and a difficult to read Kalazivar. It is thrilling to simply hold this in your hand, feel the gilding, turn it from the carnation to the tulip. Look at the detail, from any angle. There was no place else, not even in Hungary, where this many objects made by the Fischer Hungarian Porcelain Factory could have been seen in one place. These were all objects made at the end of the 19th century and so every one of the items was over 100 years old, as the factory went out of business about the turn of the century. Unlike the other well-known Hungarian porcelain factories of Herend and Zsolnay that are still in production today, there are no more made by Fischer – and, probably as a result, the Fischer pieces are just now becoming very collectible. They’re surfacing in estate sales and on the internet and some pieces, particularly the art nouveau style, are beginning to fetch hefty sums into the many thousands. There were very fine examples of the art nouveau style in the Museum’s exhibition – a piece that is a wonderfully elaborate and artistic nautilus shell bowl or centerpiece that is amazing – but, in addition to the art nouveau style, there were many other styles represented, in fact there were 43 exquisitely decorated objects and they ranged in size from a 5″ kulacs decorated in the then popular Chinese style, to a vase that was 3 feet tall, etched and enameled and outlined in gold with traditional Hungarian floral motifs. The Cleveland Hungarian Heritage Museum was proud to present a representative sampling of works by the Fischers, late 19th century Hungarian porcelain and pottery artists, with representative works from their pottery and porcelain manufacturing operation.
fisch-i4WHO WERE IGNÁC and EMIL FISCHER?
Ignác Fischer acquired his knowledge of arts and crafts in Hungary at his father’s manufacture of ceramics in Tata-Tóváros. He then further refined and developed his knowledge of ceramics at the Herend factory, also in Hungary. [But note that Ignác is not among the immediate descendants of the 2nd owner of the original Herend factory, Móric Farkasházi Fischer.]
Ignác founded his own workshop at Pest in 1864. At first, he dealt only with painting the china products of other factories. However, he produced his own ceramics beginning in 1867. Similar to Zsolnay, Fischer also specialized in the production of ornamentally decorated ceramics. He was successful mainly with his Majolica ware, sold in Austria-Hungary and also sold for export. Fischer also produced pieces decorated with Chinese motifs sold at the Hungarian Exposition of 1885. He was successful in winning many major awards. Eventually his son Emil took over the operation. But by 1885, under the direction of Emil Fischer, the factory slowly began to lose its standing and eventually became the property of the Zsolnay Factory in Pécs in south west Hungary. Some have asserted that Zsolnay bought out the Fischers to put them out of business in favor of his own.
This is in Excellent Condition.
Height 6 and 1/2 inches; diameter 2 and 1/2 inches.
This is a superb piece for the sophisticated collector.
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