I'm pretty sure this piece is English. I bought several similar items for my own collection when I was in England a number of years ago, and I've seen this type of bead frequently when I've been there. All three rows also contain spacer rondelles of clear rhinestones set in black. Please note, this is for a SMALL wrist! I'd put the size at 6 1/2" maximum. No excessive wear, but beads seem to have a bit of staining near the wire. Still nice and springy!