These Italian shams are just beautiful and look as if they have never been used. I believe that they are made of cotton. The embroidered design is made up of flowers, birds, an angel and the words SOGNI FELICI which means Happy Dreams in Italian. They are quite large measuring 39" X 27" including the crocheted border. The opening for the pillow measures 29 1/4" X 17 1/2". It closes with four mother-of-pearl buttons. Excellent condition.