This incredibly well crafted Mask was designed for the Carnival (Fastnacht) in Staufen. It is one of the first examples of the Mask for the Figure "Der Mittwocher" designed and crafted by the famous German sculptor Franz Spiegelhalter. It dates back to the year 1952 and is a piece of Alemanni Carnival history ( Alemannischen Fasnet ).
The Carnival in Staufen has has history of more than 550 years and the "Mittwocher" - means as much as "the Wednesdayer" - plays an important rule in it:
About "Der Mittwocher":
The "Schelmenzunft Staufen" is the guild of the Carnival in Staufen and its heritage dates back to the year 1449 when the Stubengesellschaft zu Stouffen was founded. The "Mittwocher" is a figure who represents this history like no other. He is a quiet and friendly man.
Since the early Middle Ages Staufen has the right to hold markets. Through out the Centuries farmers and craftsmen from near and far came here to sell their goods. The market day was the Wednesday. It was almost like a second weekend for the citizen of Staufen.
An Medieval song by JP Lever says:
Zu Staufe uffem Märt, hen si was ma gehrt,
Tanz und Wi un Luschtbarkeit, was eim numme su Herz erfreut.
For this reason the citizen of Staufen were nicknamed "Mittwocher". Inspired by this practice, Albert Ganter and Alfred Schladerer had the idea to create the "Mittwocher" - a reflection of Staufener citizens, as they visited the market and then drank wine and had fun. The woodcarver Franz Spiegelhalter from Freiburg designed then the Mittwochermask for them.
About the sculptor:
Franz Spielgelhalter was a famous sculptor from Freiburg im Breisgau. He was born in 1899 and died in 1988 in his studio in the Hansastrasse in Freiburg. In Freiburg are still many of his works to be found in the public places. For example the stone cross at the Habsburg street. The two oldest Freiburg fools guilds - Fasnetrufer und Herdermer Lalli - still use masks designed by him.
Measurements: 11" x 9 1/2" x 5 1/4"
Condition: This mask is in excellent condition
Please feel free to ask any questions.
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