This beautiful fragment of a ‘bellarmine’ or Bartmann stoneware jug is dating back to the first half of the 17th century. The Stoneware jugs were normally used for the storage of food or drink, decanting wine or transporting goods. The mottled, orange-peel effect is derived by literally throwing salt onto the vessel during firing.
The Bartmaske or bearded face is thought to represent the proverbial wild man, who held a popular place in North European mythology since the 14th century. Another theory, which accounts for the ‘bellarmine’ label, is that the stoneware was used to satirise the Jesuit Cardinal Robert Bellarmino, derided in north Germany, England and the low Countries for his vocal criticism of Protestantism and alcohol consumption.
The manufactories in the Rhineland around the city of Cologne and the nearby towns of Altenrath, Siegburg and Frechen had exported their famous stoneware since the High Middle Ages.
Condition: The fragment shows the whole stunning face with the beard. It was pieced together out of smaler pieces. PLEASE SEE PICTURES
Size: 5 by 4 1/2 by 3 1/2 Inches
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