Published : Frankfurt, Germany, circa 1590
Title: Kreutterbuch deß hochgelehrten unnd weitberühmten Herrn D. Petri Andreae Matthioli : jetzt widerumb mit viel schönen neuwen Figuren, auch nützlichen Artzeneyen, und andern guten Stücken, zum andern mal auß sonderm Fleiß gemehret und verfertigt.
Author: Pet. Andr. Matthioli
Size : circa 14 1/2 by 9 inches
Colouring : Original Woodcut - handcolored
Almost 500 years old and amazing in detail. This set of two bookpages features four of Pietro Mattiolis famous Renaissance woodcuts. After printing them on handmade paper each woodcut was handcolored. Each page is double sided and features a botanical wood engraving on both sides. They come from Matthiolis famous Book of Herbs. One woodcut is of a Plum Tree and one of a wild and domesticated service tree or sorb tree (The fruit is a component of a cider-like drink which is still made in parts of Europe. It is cited in the Babylonian Talmud. In Ancient Greece the fruit was cut in half and pickled) There is also a woodcut of a Cornus, commonly known as dogwood and another wild service tree, also known as checker tree. Each depicted plant is described in German language. These important woodcuts would look even more fantastic after being matted and framed in a simple frame.
About the Author:
Pietro (Peter) Andrea Gregorio Mattioli (Matthiolus) was a doctor and naturalist born in Siena, Italy. He received his MD at the University of Padua in 1523, and subsequently practiced the profession in Siena, Rome, Trento and Gorizia, becoming personal physician of Ferdinand II, Archduke of Further Austria in Prague and Ambras Castle, and of Maximilian II, Holy Roman Emperor in Vienna. Mattioli described the first case of cat allergy. His patient was so sensitive to cats that if he was sent into a room with a cat he reacted with agitation, sweating and pallor. A careful student of botany, he described 100 new plants and coordinated the medical botany of his time. The first edition of Mattioli's work appeared in 1544 in Italian. There were several later editions in Italian and translations into Latin (Venice, 1554), French (Lyon, 1561), Czech, (Prague, 1562), and German (Prague, 1563). In addition to identifying the plants originally described by Dioscorides, Mattioli added descriptions of some plants not in Dioscorides and not of any known medical use, thus marking a transition from to the study of plants as a field of medicine to a study of interest in its own right. In addition, the woodcuts in Mattioli's work were of a high standard, allowing recognition of the plant even when the text was obscure. A noteworthy inclusion is an early variety of tomato, the first documented example of the vegetable being grown and eaten in Europe. The plant genus Matthiola was named by Robert Brown in honor of Mattioli.
Condition: In good antique condition with nice color and light tanning giving it a vintage look.
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