Great Italian map from circa 1700
Estat du Grand Duc de Toscane, & Estats de L'Eglise
Published: Amsterdam circa 1700
Size : 24.5 x 39.0 inches. / 62.2 x 101 cm.
Coloring : Original color
A beautiful, large scale map of Tuscany, and the surrounding regions including the island of Elba and part of Corsica by Nicholas Sanson and published by Pierre Mortier. A title cartouche, depicting the Pope (most likely Pope Innocent XIII) is at the top right section of the map. Striking, vibrant, original color.
For much of the 17th century, the Dutch led the world in cartography with their highly decorative maps. Toward the middle of the 17th century the French began to mark their presence in the world of map publishing. It is generally accepted that the great age of French cartography originated with the work of Nicholas Sanson, who is regarded as "the founder of the more precise and scientific French school of cartography and geography.
Nicolas Sanson was born of an old Picardy family of Scottish descent, at Abbeville, on the 20th (or 31st) of December 1600, and was educated by the Jesuits at Amiens.
In 1627 he attracted the attention of Richelieu by a map of Gaul which he had constructed (or at least begun) while only eighteen. Sanson was royal geographer. He gave lessons in geography both to Louis XIII and to Louis XIV; and when Louis XIII, it is said, came to Abbeville, he preferred to be the guest of Sanson (then employed on the fortifications), instead of occupying the lodgings provided by the town. At the conclusion of this visit the king made Sanson a councillor of state.
Active from 1627, Sanson issued his first map of importance, the "Postes de France", which was published by Melchior Tavernier in 1632. After publishing several general atlases himself he became the associate of Pierre Mariette, a publisher of prints.
In 1647 Sanson accused the Jesuit Philippe Labbe of plagiarizing him in his Pharus Galliae Antiquae; in 1648 he lost his eldest son Nicolas, killed during the Fronde. Among the friends of his later years was the great Condé. He died in Paris on 7 July 1667. Two younger sons, Adrien (d. 1708) and Guillaume (d. 1703), succeeded him as geographers to the king.
In 1692 Hubert Jaillot collected Sanson's maps in an Atlas nouveau. See also the 18th century editions of some of Sanson's works on Delamarche under the titles of Atlas de géographie ancienne and Atlas britannique; and the Catalogue des cartes et livres de géographie de Sanson (1702).
Condition: In good antique condition. Map was printed on two sheets of paper. Please see pictures.
Engraving is Absolutely Guaranteed authentic original map (Copper engraving).