This is a wonderful find and so charming for your French Country home decor. The bottom is decorated "Lille 1765", though I am uncertain of the age of the set. Definitely antique, but I am not expert enough to say it is 1700s or 1800s. The 3 piece set includes the old bouillon bowl (ecuelle) and cover plus the old original under plate. All 3 pieces just as shown (measurements on photos).
Lille, an important town in the Nord Department, seems to have commenced its pottery works in 1696, just a year before the Peace of Ryswick concluded the war between William III of England and Louis XIV of France. Jacques Febvrier, a potter of Tournay, and Jean Bossu, a painter of Ghent, were invited to establish themselves at Lille, which they did, and set about making wares in the Rouen style, decorated with arabesques derived originally from the East, and with baskets of flowers. These wares appear to be unmarked, unless we assign a monogram of the letters F and B to Febvrier and Bossu, though they are commonly ascribed to Francois Boussemaert, who in 1729 was the head of the firm, having succeeded to the fine establishment left by his father-in-law, Febvrier, in that year, though his mother-in-law continued to hold an interest in the business. Jacquemart agrees with a Lille authority, M. Houdoy, that F.B is the monogram of Boussemaert, to whom another mark, Lille 1768, also belongs. Ten years later than this date, Petit became the proprietor of these works, and maintained the high standard of faience in the French style.
Another manufactory was started by Barthelemi Dorez and his nephew Pellissier, in 1711, when Lille was in the hands of the Dutch. This continued under the Dorez's control until about 1755, during which period very beautiful pieces of ware were made, described as being more perfect than the contemporary delft, signed with D accompanied by a figure or by the name N. A. Dorez, 1748, when the grandson was the director. Hereng succeeded Dorez, and was followed in 1786 by H. F. Lefebvre, whose partner was Petit from the other pottery, which passed under the joint management of the two men. A curious disjointed P is said to be Petit's mark. Porcelain and faience were made at the same time, and received similar decoration of birds and flowers.
A third factory was founded in 1740 by W amps, whose successor, twelve years later, Jacques Masquelier, obtained permission to add to the tile-making, which had occupied the workmen hitherto, other faience in the style of Rouen and of foreign countries. Very little is known regarding the produc tions of this fabrique. Certainly that which was founded by Febvrier was the most famous, the manufacture royale of Lille, producing the wares with decoration in rococo designs in rouge de fer or iron-red, pale blue, lilac, and shades of green. Such remarkable and unusual plates seem to have been presentation pieces, given to the person whose name appears on them-a circumstance which would explain the extraordinary care shown in their embellishment. The other eighteenth-century potters at Lille require little notice. La terre de Pipe, or earthenware imitating that of England, and brown ware with tortoiseshell glaze, were largely manufactured in objects ranging from stoves to tea and coffee services.
Very good to excellent condition for age and each piece is thoroughly hand painted. I see a chip on the rim of the under plate, which can be seen in our images. It exposes the red clay pottery within. There is also a small chip on one leaf and on stem up top, small and visible in our images for review. The set is old, nicely preserved for age.
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Antique French sterling silver, Georgian jewelry, sewing, Black Forest, etc 17th to 19th c. European
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