This is a spectacular estate find for the advanced photograph/tintype collector. It came out of the state of Massachusetts, and it shows Francis Locke. He served on the USS Portsmouth before the war. As you see in the tintype, he was a young man of about 18. The tally on his hat reads USS Portsmouth. The later cabinet photograph of Francis pictures him in his GAR coat with medals. Very rare to see a pre-Civil War tintype of a US Sailor and then the same man later pictured in a cabinet photo being a US Civil War infantry veteran (Massachusetts 8th Infantry). An elderly relative has written in pencil at the bottom of the cabinet photo, though they have misspelled Francis (they wrote Frances the female way), and have indicated that he was a boat captain during the war, though that does not seem to have been the case. Funny how family stories get changed as they are passed down. Wonderful gift for Civil War photograph collectors. The tintype measures 2 3/4" X 3 3/8" and the cabinet card measures 6" X 9".
Please find below the information about Mr. Locke and the USS Portsmouth that I discovered in my research:
Francis Locke Civil War Soldier Data
Francis Locke (Union) Biographical data and notes: - Born in Quincey, MA. - Pre-enlistment occupation: Mariner - Francis Locke died on Feb. 24, 1912 Enlistment: - Residing in Gloucester, MA at time of enlistment - 23 years of age at time of enlistment - Enlisted on Aug. 18, 1862 as Private Mustering information: - Enlisted into G Company, 8th Infantry (Massachusetts) on Sept. 15, 1862. - Mustered out from 8th inf. (Massachusetts) on Aug 7, 1863 at Boston, MA. - Enlisted into G Company, 8th inf (Massachusetts) on Jul 18, 1864 - Mustered out from the 8th inf (Massachusetts) on Nov. 10, 1864 Grand Army of the Republic (GAR) membership: - Colonel Allen Post ( Massachusetts Post No. 45), Gloucester, Massachusetts. Intra -company transfers - Transferred from G Company to Field and Staff on Jul 31, 1864 Promotions: - Promoted to Commissary Sergeant ( Full, Vol) on Jul 31 1864 Sources for the above information - Massachusetts Soldiers, Sailors and Marines in the Civil War (Adjutant Gen ) - Massachusetts GAR : Journal of Annual Encampment
EIGHTH REGIMENT MASSACHUSETTS VOLUNTEER MILITIA (INFANTRY) NINE MONTHS Under the call of August 4, 1862 , for 300,000 militia to serve nine months, 19, 080 being assigned to the quota of Massachusetts, the 8th Regt. again volunteered for duty, thus helping to obviate the necessity of resorting to the draft. Its rendezvous was Camp Lander, Wenham, Mass., where it was recruited up to war strength. Most of its companies were mustered in between September 15 and Oct. 1, but Company H was not ready to muster until October 30. On November 25, 1862, the regiment left for the State of North Carolina, where it was assigned to the 2nd Brigade of General's Foster's Division, encamping on the Fair Grounds at Newbern. On the 9th of December the regiment was detached to do guard duty at Newbern while the rest of the brigade went on the Goldsboro expedition. Early in December two companies were detached form the regiment to do guard duty at Roanoke Island, and two months later two more companies were sent to the same place. Meanwhile two companies were assigned to duty at Fort Totten, one of the defenses of Newbern. The four remaining companies were in the expedition to relieve Washington N.C., proceeding as far as Blount's Creek, where they were engaged with slight loss April 9. On June 28 the regiment was ordered to Boston for muster out, but on reaching Baltimore, Md., July 1, it was detained, and on the 6th was sent to Maryland Heights near Harper's Ferry, arriving July 7, and occupying Fort Duncan. On July 13 it joined the Army of the Potomac in front of Williamsport, making a forced march of 25 miles in 16 hours. On the 26th, after Lee's army had retired across the Potomac into Virginia, the regiment was ordered to Massachusetts, reaching Boston July 29, and being mustered out of the service August 7. Source: Massachusetts Soldiers, Sailors & Marines in the Civil War.
Pacific, Africa, 1851–1861
Six months later Portsmouth left Boston for duty in the Pacific. On 5 April 1855 she returned to the east coast for overhaul at Norfolk and on 3 May 1856 got underway for the Pacific again. Under Commander Andrew H. Foote she reached Batavia 94 days later, whence she sailed to China. There she participated in the engagement with the Barrier Forts of Canton on 16–22 November 1856. Ordered home in January 1858, she remained at Portsmouth, New Hampshire, until sailing for Africa again for a three year tour, 1859–61.