A Japanese antique Kinkozan Vase with the decoration of a mythological phoenix- a turn of the century handmade and handpainted vase by the famous Kinkozan studios. Beautiful quality and heavy porcelain is hand decorated in overglaze enameling with a very nicely painted arabesque design called 'Tako Karakusa' or the octopus vine completely covers the vase outside of the other design's borders. Around the Ho-o bird or mythological phoenix is a much thicker version. One the vase they are painted in underglaze blue and within the border in overglaze enamels with the rest of the design, Within the border both the phoenix and octopus vine are painted on a background of a deep mustard color.
The phoenix is said to represent rebirth, not just in Asian countries and religions but all over the world. I purchased this from a gentleman who lived in Oregon. His grandparents from Japan, and over the past recent years was taken out of storage from his grandfather's old antique store where it had been since before 1941. These items remained there while his grandparents were interned during that time. The name of Kinkozan and their stamp appears on the bottom but it is not signed. It is in excellent condition with no chips or cracks. There may be some age wear to the paint or some crazing but not apparent. This is a wonderful Kinkozan Studios vase probably dating to the late Meiji period of 1868-1912.
Size: Height is 8" or 20.32 cm Widest Diameter 5", or 12.37 cm
Made by Kinkozan 都錦光山 and History, Awata 粟田 Kyo-yaki 京焼き Kinkozan 錦光山
from Wiki: Kinkozan was one of the most famous potters and his pottery highly sought after. The family was a famous family of Kyoto potters. These same three pieces are the type that are among some of the higher quality pieces of Kinkozan made. Numbering was also an indication of the important of a piece in a personal collection. Kinkozan is a family of ceramicists active in Kyoto, established by Kinkozan Gen'emon in mid 17th century. At first the family produced utilitarian commodities, later moving on to ceramics for chado- tea ceremony. The Kinkozan family of potters were active from 1645 until 1927 after which the factory closed. The background is that approximately around 1875 Kobayashi Sobei of 1824-84, artist name Kinkozan IV, started to export his products together with the Kyoto manufacturer Taizan VIII. The market was in particular America. Their main production period were approximately between 1875-1927 under the leadership of Kinkozan V 1868-1927. In 1872 the well-known and important Kyoto manufacturer Taizan VIII started to export of their products together with Kinkozan IV. See more history about Taizan on the Gotheborg site.
Some styles of Kinkozan was only made for a short period of time during the Meiji period and specifically for import, for both Satsuma and Kinkozan company. Originating with the hometown of Kyoto, the history of Kinkozan dates back much further to the 1700's. Some signed pieces of Kinkozan signed are very valuable from the 18th-19th century. During the 19th Century they made porcelain and pottery art specifically for European import.
Translated from a blog in Japan about Kinkozan Porcelain: This pottery was named after the Japanese family of potters who worked during the late 19th century near Satsuma . Crockery of Kinkozan is very similar to Satsuma, and they are easily confused. The products there are additional touches such as medallions and inlay, often with images of miniature domestic scenes. A generous coating of gold leaf. Flower vases, vessels for incense, decorative panels Porcelain is usually signed by the artist. The places where the items were made were often called workshops, including letting students try their hands at making pieces.
From Gothbergs: Pieces made in Awata near Kyoto after the Edo period, are called Kyoto Satsuma. Later on, Satsuma style wares were also produced in Yokohama and Tokyo. The paste and glaze is probably the same as on Satsuma ware while the style of decoration is different. Sandra Andacht, in her book 'Treasury of Satsuma; she quotes a 19th century visitor to the Kinkozan factory, saying that 'the same glazed pots were decorated in two styles, the one being called Kyoto or Awata ware, and the other Satsuma'.
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