Rare Awata-Satsuma -yaki jikiro by very famous Taizan Yohei during the Meiji period of 1868-1912. It was made during the heavy export period of the Meiji period in 1895, according to the also well-known owner of this collection from the U.S. and from which I purchased it. Taizan became most famous as did all the 'zan' potters from Kyoto during this time, and were also called the 'zan brothers although unless certain descendants worked together during a period they were not related. Their wares were in highest demand at that time, yet still to this day are hard to find. And, it is one of a kind. It is over 100 years old. The name Awata-Satsuma yaki dates back to the Meiji period and refers to the Satsuma pottery made in the Kyoto area,
Jikiro is the general name for a covered bowl made for the tea ceremony. The motif represents flowers- or 'botan-' as a general name for flowers- in a rock garden- as presented by the motif around the bottom of the dish in black circles surrounding by branches and leaves. It seems in this most unusual artwork there are the faces and figures of wood and plant creatures or insects found about the beautiful painting. It is painted in enamels and in heavy enamels; especially the gosu blue of the botan- I think a rose maybe- on the lid.
This piece is in mostly excellent condition with no cracks or chips. It does have some pinpoint age spots from when it was first made and the glaze created little pinhead size bubbles then burst. It has some light fingerprint staning on the inside and these are hard to keep clean so the owner did a good job,
Size: Heught inches or cm, Dianeter inches or cm
About Taizan Family of Potters
The first generation of Taizan potters worked circa 1673 to 1680. The family specialized in tea utensils, blue glazed pottery, porcelain with celadon glazes and pottery with overglaze enamels. Taizan VII died c. 1875. In 1872 the well-known and important Kyoto manufacturer Taizan VIII started to export of their products together with Kinkozan IV. The company name was Obi-ya. -Tai is another reading of the character Obi.- Takahashi Yohei, Go -art name- Taizan, was the head of the 9th and last generation of the Takahashi family of Awata potters. Under him, the family produced mainly if not entirely for the export market, in particular to America where his products were and still are sought after. The Taizan kiln appears to have closed around 1894.
However, in 1895 and 1901 reports have it that Taizan is still working ‘on a comparatively small scale’. The production seems to have been maintained until 9th Taizan -Yohei- died in 1922. During the end of the Meiji period and into Taisho, Taizan decorated blanks from Kinkozan, Izumo Wakayama, etc. Pieces occur that has both Kinkozan and Taizan markings where generally the Kinkozan mark is impressed in the piece itself and the Taizan mark is written. The firing of enamel decoration is an uncomplicated process compared to firing ceramics and could have been done anywhere. In 1922 the 9th Taizan Yohei died which seems to have meant the end to the production.