This Japanese vintage Kyoto porcelain jubako was made by Rinzan Gama, gama meaning kiln. It is located in the famous city of ceramics, Kyoto, and this is Kyo-yaki which means Kyoto ware written 京焼き. This is a heavy piece of very nice quality porcelain, made in three wide layers. The age as told to me Showa Retro, IMO most likely made around the 1960s, give or take a few years. It is hand decorated and painted in enamels of a crane, pine tree, and cherry blossoms, or tsuru, matsunoki, and sakura. It is in excellent condition with no cracks or chips. It is signed in very large kanji on the back with the name of the kiln, Rinzan 林山 gama 窯. A very beautiful Kyoto porcelain piece.
Size: Height 9.64 inches or 24.5 cm, Square Inches 5.52 x 5.52, or 14 x 14 cm
Kyōto-shi 京都市 and Kyo-yaki 京焼き
Historically known as Meaco, Kyoto most often called Kyōto-shi 京都市, is a city located in the central part of the island of Honshu, Japan. It has a population close to 1.5 million. Formerly the imperial capital of Japan for more than one thousand years, it is now the capital city of Kyoto Prefecture located in the Kansai region, as well as a major part of the Kyoto-Osaka-Kobe metropolitan area. Heian-kyō, the Heian Period capital of Japan that has become the present-day city of Kyoto. As a result the making of Kyoto Ware most often called Kyo-yaki 京焼き, has spread out from the center of Kyoto to regions around Kyoto. It's population is one of many generations of families of potters including many notable and famous potters. Kyoto has a history of 1,200 years. Known as Heian-kyō, the Heian Period capital of Japan that has become the present-day city of Kyoto. Some of the oldest history during the Nara era, a monk, Before the Muromachi era, potters, from China and Korea, developed their own techniques and affected Japanese potters. Later, some of them moved to Kyoto, the center of Japanese culture, and founded their original styles of Kyoto ware. That is why Kyoto Ware has a wide range of ceramics with the expression of regional characteristics, such as Seto, Mino, Shigaraki, Ko-kutani, and Ko-imari.
It is said Kyoto Ware is deep, for it shows the mixture of the diversified ceramic essence. Needless to say, Kyoto Ware is the pride of Japanese tradition. By the end of the Edo era, because of the influence of the Chinese paintings, there were some predominant artists in the Nanga Style Paintings, such as Taiga and Gyokudo who played important roles in the emergence of two tastes in Kyoto and Kiyomizu Ware. One taste is overglaze enamels on potter. The other is porcelain added Chinese features by Eisen.
Kiyomuzu yaki written 清水寺 is the old name for Kyoto Ware pottery and the town, more can be found about this on the internet. In the 17th century, in Kyoto, then Japan's cultural capital, kilns produced lead-glazed pottery like the pottery of southern China. The city pf beautiful artwork is of many generations of families of potters with the skill of the potter being handed down through each generation. Some of the most modern looks, new skills and well known potters art are currently known for their Kyo-Ware or Kyo-yaki for pieces during the second half of the 20th century for more modern pieces.
There are many shaping techniques: hand shaping, potter’s wheel, plaster mold method of embossing, and fluid technique. Most have now switched from traditional climbing kilns for the firing,to electricity or gas. As a result and due to the many various glazing techniques brought to use by the newer generations of potters over the last 60 years or so, a new style of Kyoto Ware has emerged.
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