This Japanese Vintage Kyoto Ware Porcelain censer or Incense Burner in White Blue and Brown Reticulated is made very similar to the style of old Hirado censers. It is the work of a Kyoto Ware or Kyo-yaki artisan of pottery, the mark is familiar. and will find whether the potter or kiln's. This gorgeous white porcelain censer sitting on gracefully curved tripod legs, is reticulated throughout the top and bottom with a pattern created by double crisscross lines of porcelain throughout, and circular cut out patterns in-between. Open rectangle thick handles curve out from the top. The lid is rounded. It is painted in the old sometsuki manner of underglaze blue ceramics, with overglaze enamels, and the pattern or style resembles some Hirado censer we have seen. It dates to the early 20th century, Taisho or early Showa period. censer were most often used for the tea ceremony and in the temple, but they also make wonderful decorative and collectors items. Besides some browning incense stain on the inside of the lid which can most likely be remove as we have not tried, it is in excellent condition, no cracks or chips. It does come with a box which is showing its age more than the censer, although not signed so a -bako and not a tomobako. It is tentatively signed, '平夕 Hiraseki', accompanied by his kaou 花押 or handwritten seal of the artist. The second mark is hard to read and the mark a bit illegible. It is regardless a beautiful piece much resembling the Hirado works in more modern form.
SIZE Height 3.3" or 8.38 cm, Diameter 3.3 or 8.38 cm. Weight 425 grams or .93 lb.
Kyōto-shi 京都市 and Kyo-yaki 京焼き
Historically known as Meaco, Kyoto is a city located in the central part of the island of Honshu, Japan. It has a population close to 1.5 million. Formerly the imperial capital of Japan for more than one thousand years, it is now the capital city of Kyoto Prefecture located in the Kansai region, as well as a major part of the Kyoto-Osaka-Kobe metropolitan area. Heian-kyō, the Heian Period capital of Japan that has become the present-day city of Kyoto. As a result the making of Kyoto Ware has spread out from the center of Kyoto to regions around Kyoto. It's population is one of many generations of families of potters including many notable and famous potters.
Kyoyo has a history of 1,200 years. Known as Heian-kyō, the Heian Period capital of Japan that has become the present-day city of Kyoto. Some of the oldest history during the Nara era, a monk, Gyoki built his kiln at the Seikan Temple (Higashiyama-ku in Kyoto prefecture) and produced unglazed earthenware. It became famous as “Chawanzaka”. Before the Muromachi era, potters, from China and Korea, developed their own techniques and affected Japanese potters. Later, some of them moved to Kyoto, the center of Japanese culture, and founded their original styles of Kyoto ware. That is why Kyoto Ware has a wide range of ceramics with the expression of regional characteristics, such as Seto, Mino, Shigaraki, Kokutani, and Koimari.
It is said Kyoto Ware is deep, for it shows the mixture of the diversified ceramic essence. Needless to say, Kyoto Ware is the pride of Japanese tradition. By the end of the Edo era, because of the influence of the Chinese paintings, there were some predominant artists in the Nanga Style Paintings, such as Taiga and Gyokudo who played important roles in the emergence of two tastes in Kyoto and Kiyomizu Ware. One taste is overglaze enamels on potter. The other is porcelain added Chinese features by Eisen.
Kiyomuzu yaki written 清水寺 is the old name for Kyoto Ware pottery and the town, more can be found about this on the internet. In the 17th century, in Kyoto, then Japan's cultural capital, kilns produced lead-glazed pottery like the pottery of southern China. The city pf beautiful artwork is of many generations of families of potters with the skill of the potter being handed down through each generation. Some of the most modern looks, new skills and well known potters art are currently known for their Kyo-Ware or Kyo-yaki for pieces during the second half of the 20th century for more modern pieces.
There are many shaping techniques: hand shaping, potter’s wheel, plaster mold method of embossing, and fluid technique. Most have now switched from traditional climbing kilns for the firing,to electricity or gas. As a result and due to the many various glazing techniques brought to use by the newer generations of potters over the last 60 years or so, a new style of Kyoto Ware has emerged.
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