These Japanese antique and rare pair of Awata 粟田 Kyo-yaki 京焼き vases are made by the Kinkozan 錦光山 and the artist of his studios during the early Meiji period. Much of the Kinkozan ornate work was done between 1880-1890, such as those with the applied and heavily decorated butterflies, insects, and families with children, particularly on miniature or half-sized porcelain. These are of course handmade and similar to Kyoto Satsuma which we now understand are more appropriately called Awata Satsuma especially those of Kinkozan, in the same cream color crackle glaze. They are in an unusual form as an oddly shaped cylindrical vase perhaps represent a tree trunk. On a lovely cream colored background a frog, grasshopper, and spider are overglaze painted surrounded with flowers. A rolled green leaf and a green and a gold stem are stylized in applied pieces. The vases are hand signed '都錦光山' or 'Made by Kinkozan'. Our pictures do not this pair justice. They are in excellent condition, with very little if any age wear to the painted surface and no chips. There is a small glaze crack in the center of each but we have checked with a flashlight and not a through and through. A very fine and rare find pair of Kinkozan vases.
SIZE: Height 7 1/2" or 19.05 cm, Diameters Bottom 3 1/2" or 8.89 cm, Middle part to 2" or 5.08 cm, Mouth 1 1/2" or 3.81 cm
Made by Kinkozan 都錦光山 and History
the following are excerpts from several different resources including Gotheborgs, Wiki, and a blog in Japan
Kinkozan was one of the most famous potters and his pottery highly sought after. The family was a famous family of Kyoto potters. These same three pieces are the type that are among some of the higher quality pieces of Kinkozan made. Numbering was also an indication of the important of a piece in a personal collection.
Kinkozan is a family of ceramicists active in Kyoto, established by Kinkozan Gen'emon in mid 17th century. At first the family produced utilitarian commodities, later moving on to ceramics for chado- tea ceremony. The Kinkozan family of potters were active from 1645 until 1927 after which the factory closed. The background is that approximately around 1875 Kobayashi Sobei of 1824-84, artist name Kinkozan IV, started to export his products together with the Kyoto manufacturer Taizan VIII. The market was in particular America. Their main production period were approximately between 1875-1927 under the leadership of Kinkozan V 1868-1927. In 1872 the well-known and important Kyoto manufacturer Taizan VIII started to export of their products together with Kinkozan IV. See more history about Taizan on the Gotheborg site.
Some styles of Kinkozan was only made for a short period of time during the Meiji period and specifically for import, for both Satsuma and Kinkozan company. Originating with the hometown of Kyoto, the history of Kinkozan dates back much further to the 1700's. Some signed pieces of Kinkozan signed are very valuable from the 18th-19th century. During the 19th Century they made porcelain and pottery art specifically for European import.
Translated from a site in Japan about Kinkozan Porcelain This pottery is the name of a Japanese family of potters who worked with the late 19th century near the Satsuma went on. Crockery of Kinkozan is very similar to Satsuma, and they are easily confused. The products there are additional touches such as medallions and inlay, often with images of miniature domestic scenes. A generous coating of gold leaf. Flower vases, vessels for incense, decorative panels Porcelain is usually signed by the artist. The places where the items were made were often called workshops, including letting students try their hands at making pieces.
From Gothbergs: Pieces manufactured in Awata near Kyoto, after the Edo period, are called Kyoto Satsuma. Later on, Satsuma style wares was also produced in Yokohama and Tokyo. The paste and glaze is probably the same as on Satsuma ware while the style of decoration is different. Sandra Andacht, in her Treasury of Satsuma book, quotes a 19th century visitor to the Kinkozan factory, saying that "the same glazed pots were decorated in two styles, the one being called Kyoto or Awata ware, and the other Satsuma".
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